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Homework Help: Electric potential and distribution of charge

  1. Jul 9, 2011 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A conducting sphere of radius r1 = 10 cm and charge q1 = 2 µC is placed far apart from a second conducting sphere of radius r2 = 30 cm and charge q2 = 3 µC. The two spheres are then connected by a thin conducting wire. What is the potential on the surface of the first sphere after the two spheres are connected by the wire? Use the reference V = 0 for r at infinity.


    2. Relevant equations

    Meh....

    3. The attempt at a solution

    A total of 5mC(using m for micro, not not milli) is in this system. When the wire is connected, the charge would distrbute evenly according given a surface charge density of 5mC/(area of sphere one + area of sphere two). So the charge on one would be (5mC/(area of 1+area of 2))(area of 1). And the voltage would be the line integral from infinity to 10x10^-2 of q/(4pie0r) dl)

    I end up with 44,937.8V after all is said and done. But the "correct" answer is ~112,000V.

    Going backwards from 112,100V, you get that V*4*pi*e0*r = Q from the line integral to find potential, or that the Q on the first sphere is 1micro coloumb. Which would require that the first sphere is 1/4 the area of the second sphere given a uniform charge distribution. Where as the area ratio is 1/9.5 or something close.

    Any thoughts?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jul 9, 2011 #2

    ehild

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    Homework Helper

    No. The charge will distribute between the spheres so that the potential of both spheres is the same. Otherwise the potential difference causes a driving force for the charges from one sphere to the other one.

    ehild
     
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