1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data A circular ring of radius "a" has a total charge Q uniformly distributed along the top half. (Q is distributed along the semicircle in quadrants I and II). What is the potential at a point located on the bottom of the ring (observation point is on the ring in quadrant III or IV). The location of the observation point is described as being located at an angle φ measured from the positive x axis. Find V(a,φ). 2. Relevant equations V = k ∫ dq / r λ = dq/dL 3. The attempt at a solution So I substituted λdL for dq to get V = kλ ∫ dL / r but I'm not sure how to get r in terms of a and φ. I'm also not sure how just a semicircle of charge factors into this problem.