Electric Potential voltage and conservation of energy

  • #1
Hi,

I'm a little stuck on a problem involving voltage and conservation of energy. The answer that I came up with involved a negative value for kinetic energy, which doesn't make sense to me because mass and v^2 are never negative.

Problem: A proton is accelerated from rest by a uniform electric field. The proton experiences a potential decrease of 100 V. Find its final kinetic energy.

What I've done so far:
KE_i = 0 because accelerated from rest
V_b - V_a = -100 V
Change in voltage = Work/charge = [-q(int)E dot ds] / q = Change in potential energy

-100 = -Change in PE --> 100 J = change in potential energy

Therefore, under law of conservation of energy... change in kinetic energy must equal -100 J. Since KE_i = 0 J, KE_f= -100 J. :confused:

Thanks in advance for the help.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Bump... I'm still really unsure about my answer. If anybody could point out anything that I might have overlooked, that would help a lot. Thanks!
 
  • #3
Hootenanny
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Gold Member
9,621
7
therealkellys said:
The answer that I came up with involved a negative value for kinetic energy, which doesn't make sense to me because mass and v^2 are never negative.
Your suspicions are correct. Change is usually expressed as final value minus the initial value, hence leading to a positive value for the change in potential energy. Just for reference a perhaps easier method would be to consider the definition of potential difference or voltage; which is work done per unit charge, thus;

[tex]V = \frac{W}{q}[/tex]

From which we can obtain the expression [itex]W = Vq[/itex], substituting your values in we obtain [itex]W = 100 \times 1 = 100\; J[/itex].
 
Last edited:
  • #4
92
0
[tex]q \Delta V = -\Delta E_{kin}[/tex]
 
  • #5
SGT
Since your proton is at a lower potential, it has a negative potential energy (-100J), so its kinectic energy must be +100J.
Think of it in terms of mechanics. You have a mass of 1kg at a height of 10m. You have a potential energy of 100J (actually 98) in reference to ground. If you drop the mass, when it hits the ground its potential energy will be zero and the kinectic energy 98J.
 

Related Threads on Electric Potential voltage and conservation of energy

Replies
7
Views
1K
Replies
9
Views
7K
Replies
1
Views
4K
Replies
7
Views
3K
Replies
4
Views
17K
Replies
1
Views
4K
Replies
20
Views
4K
Replies
2
Views
11K
Replies
6
Views
807
Replies
3
Views
1K
Top