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Energy splitting from spin-orbit interaction.

  • Thread starter soothsayer
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Homework Statement


The spin-orbit interaction splits the hydrogen 4f state into many (a) Identify these states and rank them in order of increasing energy. (b) If a weak external magnetic field were now introduced (weak enough that it does not disturb the spin-orbit coupling), into how many different energies would each of these states be split?

Homework Equations


latex2png.2.php?z=100&eq=U%20%3D%20g_{Lande}\frac{e}{2m_e}m_j\hbar%20B_{ext}.jpg


latex2png.2.php?z=100&eq=B_{L}%20%3D%20\frac{\mu_0e}{4\pi%20m_er^3}L.jpg



The Attempt at a Solution


I feel like I understand how to do part b a bit better than part a. My book doesn't seem to be too helpful when dealing with energy splitting due solely to spin-orbit interaction, but goes into much greater detail about the Zeeman effect (presence of weak B field). In part a, I know energy will be split based on whether the angular momenta are aligned or not aligned, but I don't know how to find any split states besides that, and the book implies there are many. Then again, I don't understand why it should be any different than the Zeeman effect, wouldn't the B field perceived by the electron from the proton have the same effect as an external B field? I know the equations I posted give me a size for the difference in energy, but they don't seem to help me with finding the different states.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
vela
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What the perturbation term added to the Hamiltonian for the spin-orbit interaction?
 

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