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## Homework Statement

A relation p is defined on R^2 (fancy R, as in Reals) by (a,b)p (c,d) if a+d=b+c

Show that p is an equivalence relation.

b) Consider R^2 to be the Cartesian Plane. Describe p's equivalence classes geometrically. (Consider which points will be in the particular equivalence classes by taking an arbitrary point in the same equivalence class as (x,y). )

I have done part a. In part b I only got as far as drawing the Cartesian axes and a table of values. I'll show you below. I think that I have not made enough of a start for you to be able to give me a clue, but I thought you might be able to point me in the direction of a book that would cover this. I am finding my course really hard because I am studying by distance education and we don't have a textbook. When I browse through the library I am not finding anything that quite fits my course. Direction to an online resource would be particulary good or a text book that you think would be readily available at my university library.

## Homework Equations

To be an equivalence relation, p must be reflexive symmetric and transitive. I have shown all that.

## The Attempt at a Solution

I drew up a list of values

a b c d

1 2 1 2

4 3 3 2

1 2 2 3

-1 0 1 2

I did about 30 so that I had a really good idea of what was happening.

What I figured out:

Points on line y=x+1 map to (1,2)

Points on line y=x+2 map to (1,3)

Points on line y=x+3 map to (1,4)

etcetera

I discovered that I couldn't draw it on the Cartesian axes. Am I meant to be able to?

I don't even understand if "decribe p's eqivalence classes geometrically" means I am meant to draw or use words.

I have been puzzling over this one for about a month now.

Any clues you can give me to point me in the right direction will be greatly appreciated I assure you.

Many thanks is anticipation.