Hi everyone(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

I'm trying to express each term of the Hamiltonian

[itex]H = \int d^{3}x \frac{1}{2}\left[\Pi^2 + (\nabla \Phi)^2 + m^2\Phi^2\right][/tex]

in terms of the ladder operators [itex]a(p)[/itex] and [itex]a^{\dagger}(p)[/itex].

This is what I get for the first term

[tex]\int d^{3}x \frac{E_{p}}{2}\left[a(p)a^{\dagger}(p) + a^{\dagger}(p)a(p)-a(p)a(-p)-a^{\dagger}(p)a^{\dagger}(-p)\right][/tex]

whereas the book I'm reading from says

[tex]\int d^{3}x \frac{E_p}{2}\left[-a(p)a(-p)e^{-2iE_{p}t} + a(p)a^{\dagger}(p) + a^{\dagger}(p)a(p)-a^{\dagger}(p)a^{\dagger}(-p)e^{-2iE_{p}t}\right][/tex]

Is this because the time dependence must be explicitly accounted for? It so happens that the explicit time dependence goes away through the other two terms...but is my own computation correct?

Thanks.

(PS -- This is not homework.)

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# Expressing the Klein Gordon Hamiltonian in terms of ladder operators

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