Fermi energy Ef changes with applied electric field?

  • #1
50
0
Hi people,

I dont understand why when we apply the electric field to the metal Ef remains the same. Ef as translation energy of electrons remains the same but we accelerate the electrons with applied electric field so the translation energy increases too? In other hand according the formula for Ef(m*,N/L^3), where m* is the effective mass depends only on material, N/L^3-number of electrons in unit volume-depends on material too. So it turns out that the Ef actually depends only on properties of the metal.

Please take a look at the attached picture.

Thank you.
 

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Answers and Replies

  • #2
1,116
72
Is this an electrostatic situation?
 
  • #3
963
213
I dont understand why when we apply the electric field to the metal Ef remains the same. Ef as translation energy of electrons remains the same but we accelerate the electrons with applied electric field so the translation energy increases too? In other hand according the formula for Ef(m*,N/L^3), where m* is the effective mass depends only on material, N/L^3-number of electrons in unit volume-depends on material too. So it turns out that the Ef actually depends only on properties of the metal.
I think there is a relationship of applied E-field and charge density - rate of change of E can be related to charge density-
for a good discussion pl. see
<http://www-inst.eecs.berkeley.edu/~ee143/sp06/lectures/Semiconductor_tutorial_2.pdf> [Broken]
 
Last edited by a moderator:
  • #4
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I think there is a relationship of applied E-field and charge density - rate of change of E can be related to charge density-
for a good discussion pl. see
<http://www-inst.eecs.berkeley.edu/~ee143/sp06/lectures/Semiconductor_tutorial_2.pdf> [Broken]
sorry but link is broken.
 
Last edited by a moderator:
  • #5
50
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Is this an electrostatic situation?
I want to know about both of them: static and not static.
 
  • #6
1,116
72
When you apply the field the charges redistribute themselves so the field in the metal remains zero. The electrons are bound so are not going to accelerate off anywhere like free ones.
 

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