# Find the limits of the sequence

(n+3/n+2)n

## Homework Equations

By highest power.

## The Attempt at a Solution

highest power = 1

((n/n)+(3/n)/(n/n)+(2/n))n/n

both n/n inside the brackets cancel out. The power n/n becomes 1.

(3/n)/(2/n)

3/n * n/2

3n/2n

lim n>$$\infty$$ 3n/2n = $$\infty$$/$$\infty$$ =1

is this correct?

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Hai, a straightforward look in to the given sequence seems like there is no limit for this sequence, because it can be reduced to n^n as n gets larger proving that there is no limit for the given sequence.

HallsofIvy
Homework Helper
But there is NO "$n^n$" here so that is irrelevant.

If $y= ((n+2)/(n+3))^n$ then $ln(y)= nln((n+2)/(n+3))$ and that will have the same limit, as n goes to infinity, as the limit of $xln((x+2)/(x+3))$ as x goes to infinity. By L'Hopital's rule, that will have the same limit as
$$\frac{-\frac{3}{(x+3)(x+2)}}{-\frac{1}{x^2}}= \frac{3x^2}{(x+3)(x+2)}$$
which is 3. Since the limit of ln(y) is 3, the limit of y itself is $e^3$.

Hi sorry, I thought given sequence is (n+3/n+2)^n and not ((n+3)/(n+2))^n, that's why i replied it can be reduced to n^n.
So considering ((n+3)/(n+2))^n
we can write
ln y= n ln ( (n+3) / (n+2)) = ln ( (n+3) / (n+2)) /(1/n)
This gives 0/0 in RHS when n is infinite
Applying L' Hospitals rule differentiating both numerator and denaminator
we get

ln y= (-1/((n+2)(n+3)))/(-1/n^2)

So as n tends to infinity we get

ln y =1

so y= e^1= 2.7183

which is the limit of the given sequence. I have written matlab code also to verify its limit is 2.7183.

clear all
i=linspace(1,1000,100);
y=((i+3)./(i+2)).^i;
plot(i,y)

But there is NO "$n^n$" here so that is irrelevant.

If $y= ((n+2)/(n+3))^n$ then $ln(y)= nln((n+2)/(n+3))$ and that will have the same limit, as n goes to infinity, as the limit of $xln((x+2)/(x+3))$ as x goes to infinity. By L'Hopital's rule, that will have the same limit as
$$\frac{-\frac{3}{(x+3)(x+2)}}{-\frac{1}{x^2}}= \frac{3x^2}{(x+3)(x+2)}$$
which is 3. Since the limit of ln(y) is 3, the limit of y itself is $e^3$.

can you please explain how did you get from $y= ((n+2)/(n+3))^n$ to $ln(y)= nln((n+2)/(n+3))$?

I know the L'Hoptial Rule is: f'(x)/g'(x)
but I don't see how can you derivatives it into $$\frac{-\frac{3}{(x+3)(x+2)}}{-\frac{1}{x^2}}= \frac{3x^2}{(x+3)(x+2)}$$

also what do you meant by there is no x? I might have type my question from which may lead to such conclusion.
$y= ((n+3)/(n+2))^n$n=1 to infinity. does this change anything?

thanks

Mark44
Mentor
can you please explain how did you get from $y= ((n+2)/(n+3))^n$ to $ln(y)= nln((n+2)/(n+3))$?
Take the natural log of both sides.
I know the L'Hoptial Rule is: f'(x)/g'(x)
but I don't see how can you derivatives it into $$\frac{-\frac{3}{(x+3)(x+2)}}{-\frac{1}{x^2}}= \frac{3x^2}{(x+3)(x+2)}$$

also what do you meant by there is no x? I might have type my question from which may lead to such conclusion.
$y= ((n+3)/(n+2))^n$n=1 to infinity. does this change anything?

thanks