(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

H=H[tex]_{0}[/tex] -g[tex]\mu[/tex]SB

H[tex]_{0}[/tex] = hamiltonian in absence of field

S=Spin operator in the direction of the fied (say along z-axis)

show that

1) M=1/[tex]\beta[/tex] (dLn Z/ dB)

2) [tex]\chi[/tex] = [tex]\beta[/tex](g [tex]\mu[/tex])[tex]^{2}[/tex] <(S-<S>)[tex]^{}2[/tex]>

Dont know why it shows[tex]\mu[/tex] in superscript. It isnt meant to be!

That is the chemical potential.

2. Relevant equations

Canonical partition function for a grand ensemble is

Z=Tr{exp(-[tex]\beta[/tex](H-[tex]\mu[/tex]N)}

3. The attempt at a solution

I know that M=g[tex]\mu[/tex]<S>

I dont know how to go about differentiating Ln Z w.r.t B

For the second part, I used the given result and differentiated it w.r.t B again.

I get [tex]\beta[/tex]times some junk! I cant get to the required result. I have a feeling its very poor math on my part. Any leads from here on would be well received.

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# Homework Help: Finding magnetic susceptibility of a quantum gas

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