Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Homework Help: Finding the heat of combustion of magnesium

  1. Nov 9, 2008 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    Finding the heat of combustion of magnesium.


    2. Relevant equations

    1.) MgO(s) + 2HCl(aq) → MgCl2(aq) + H2O(l) ∆Hr = 1047.61KJ/mol *This value was found experimentally
    2.) Mg(s) + 2HCl(aq) → MgCl2(aq) + H2(g) ∆Hr = 374.36KJ/mol*This value was found experimentally
    3.) H2(g) + ½O2(g) → H2O(l) ∆Hr = -285.5 ∆HF =kJ/mol


    3. The attempt at a solution

    2 - 1 = Mg(s) + 2HCl(aq)+ MgCl2(aq) + H2O(l) → MgCl2(aq) + H2(g) + MgO(s) + 2HCl(aq)
    = Mg(s) + H2O(l) → H2(g) + MgO(s)
    Let 4 = Mg(s) + H2O(l) → H2(g) + MgO(s)

    4+3 = Mg(s) + H2O(l) + H2(g) + ½O2(g) → H2(g) + MgO(s)+ H2O(l)
    = Mg(s) + ½O2(g) → MgO(s)

    2 – 1 = 374.36KJ/mol - 1047.61KJ/mol
    = -673.25KJ/mol
    Let 4 =-673.25KJ/mol
    4 + 3 = -673.25KJ/mol + -285.5KJ/mol
    = -958.75KJ/mol

    Now, the accepted value is about 600kj/mol. When this lab was conducted, horribly inaccurate calorimeters were used. So wouldn't that mean the value I found should be closer to 0 than the accepted value?

    Much thanks in advance.

    EDIT

    Found my first problem. ∆Hr for equation one is supposed to be 104.761KJ/mol not 1047.61KJ/mol.

    Now my final value is -15kj/mol.... Bleh. Mods can delete.
     
    Last edited: Nov 9, 2008
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 10, 2008 #2

    Borek

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    I have answered your question elsewhere. For the record: is dissolution of Mg in HCl exothermic, or endothermic?
     
Share this great discussion with others via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook