Forces acting on the base of a crane

In summary: I calculated 16m as the distance from the intersection point of the crane to the centre of the horizontal section of the crane.In summary, an expert summarizer has provided a summary of the following conversation. An expert is trying to work out the forces acting on the base of a crane, but is confused about how to include the self-weight of the vertical section of the crane. The summarizer has calculated that the total downward force acting on point A is -1922.76 kNm, including the self-weight of the vertical section of the crane.
  • #1
mathewgreenwood91
6
0
Homework Statement
Forces acting on the base of a crane
Relevant Equations
Sum of moments = 0
Sum of Forces (y) = 0
Sume of Forces (x) = 0
I am attempting the work out the forces acting on the base of a crane.

I am yet to come across forces at the base of a crane and am confused as to how to work out the reactionary/moment forces.

Any help would be greatly appreciated.
 

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  • #2
:welcome:
mathewgreenwood91 said:
am attempting the work out the forces acting on the base of a crane
What have you got so far ? Just saying dunno, confused, doesn't count in PF
 
  • #3
Understood sorry for not including enough details.

First I assumed that RAx = 0 as there are no forces acting in the x directions.

To work out RAy I calculated all the downward forces in Newtons, including the counterweight of 14 tonne, the concrete panel of 700kg and the self weight of the horizontal section of the crane. I am confused whether to include the self-weight of the vertical section of the crane as a downwards force acting on point A. Knowing all these forces I know the sum of Ry = 0 so I should be able to work out RAy.

My second point of confusion relates to the MA. I know the sum of moments = 0, however I have only ever done this about a point on a horizontal beam - now I am asked to work it out about point A which has the vertical beam and the perpendicular horizontal beam. I understand moments about a point = F x d but am confused by the perpendicular aspect of this problem.
 
  • #4
mathewgreenwood91 said:
First I assumed that RAx = 0 as there are no forces acting in the x directions.
There are no forces in the x-direction, so RAx=0. Not an assumption but a conclusion :smile:

To work out RAy I calculated all the downward forces in Newtons, including the counterweight of 14 tonne, the concrete panel of 7000 kg and the self weight of the horizontal section of the crane. I am confused whether to include the self-weight of the vertical section of the crane as a downwards force acting on point A. Knowing all these forces I know the sum of Ry = 0 so I should be able to work out RAy.
Why the confusion ? If you stand still on a scale that means the scale pushes you up with a reaction force equal and opposite to ##m\vec g##

My second point of confusion relates to the MA. I know the sum of moments = 0, however I have only ever done this about a point on a horizontal beam - now I am asked to work it out about point A which has the vertical beam and the perpendicular horizontal beam. I understand moments about a point = F x d but am confused by the perpendicular aspect of this problem.
Yes, moment ##\equiv## Force ##\times## perpendicular distance.
(##\ \vec \tau = \vec r \times\vec F \ ##)
Complete the list and post:
-14 m ##\times## 14000 kg * ## \vec g\ ##= .. N.m
28 m ##\times## 7000 kg * ## \vec g \ ##= .. N.m
...
 
  • #5
Thanks for following up.

Ok, So RAy should be worked out as the following:
RAy = (14,000kg x 9.81) + (250kg/m x 68m x 9.81) + (7000kg x 9.81) + (270kg/m x 60m x 9.81)
i.e. all the downward forces including the self weight of the vertical section of the crane.

Then continuing your list:
-14 m × 14000 kg * g = -1922.76 kNm
28 m × 7000 kg * g = 1,922.76 kNm
16 m x 250 kg/m x 68m * g = 2,688.32 kNm
So MA should be -2,688.32 kNm?

Is this correct or am I missing something?

Thanks again for your help.
 
  • #6
mathewgreenwood91 said:
16 m x 250 kg/m x 68m * g = 2,688.32 kNm
How did you calculate that 16m?
 
  • #7
I am assuming that the self weight of the horizontal section of the crane is acting at the centre point. 16m is the distance from the centre of the cranes horizontal section to the intersection point of the crane (point I am calculating moment from)
 
  • #8
mathewgreenwood91 said:
I am assuming that the self weight of the horizontal section of the crane is acting at the centre point. 16m is the distance from the centre of the cranes horizontal section to the intersection point of the crane (point I am calculating moment from)
Yes I understand that is what you intended to calculate; I am asking for the details of the calculation of 16m.
 
  • #9
Total distance of horizontal section of crane = 68m
Distance front left hand side to intersection point of crane = 18m
Therefore distance from intersection point to centre point of horizontal section of crane = 16m (34m at centre?)
 
  • #10
mathewgreenwood91 said:
Total distance of horizontal section of crane = 68m
Distance front left hand side to intersection point of crane = 18m
Therefore distance from intersection point to centre point of horizontal section of crane = 16m (34m at centre?)
My apologies.. I was looking at the 14m distance to the counterweight by mistake.
Your answer looks right to me.
 
  • #11
Still getting the wrong answer using the above logic :(
 
  • #12
Wrong in the sense of wrong sign, or wrong value ? (or is that unknown)

Reason I ask: my own choice of coordinate system was wrong (I chose x to the right and z upwards, so y is away ; should have been x to the right and y upwards, so z is towards the viewer -- opposite sign). Sorry o:)

A comment: your given data are two digit accuracy -- no point in answering with six digits; use three at best.
 
  • #13
mathewgreenwood91 said:
Still getting the wrong answer using the above logic :(
Using 9.81 I get 2668, not 2688.
 

Related to Forces acting on the base of a crane

1. What are the main forces acting on the base of a crane?

The main forces acting on the base of a crane are tension, compression, shear, and bending. These forces are caused by the weight of the crane and the load it is carrying, as well as external factors such as wind or seismic activity.

2. How does the weight of the crane affect the forces on its base?

The weight of the crane contributes to the force of gravity acting on its base. This force is countered by the forces within the crane's structure, such as tension in the cables and compression in the beams, to keep the crane stable and balanced.

3. What role does wind play in the forces on a crane's base?

Wind can create a significant lateral force on the crane, causing it to sway and potentially tip over. To counteract this force, cranes are designed with a wide base and use counterweights to provide stability.

4. How does the base of a crane distribute the forces throughout its structure?

The base of a crane serves as the foundation for the entire structure, distributing the forces from the weight of the crane and its load down to the ground. The base is designed to withstand these forces and transfer them to the ground without causing damage or instability.

5. Are there any safety measures in place to prevent the base of a crane from collapsing?

Yes, there are several safety measures in place to prevent the base of a crane from collapsing. These include regular inspections and maintenance of the base and its components, as well as using proper anchoring methods and safety devices such as outriggers and stabilizers to keep the crane stable during operation.

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