Forces and Laws of Motion Problem

• ._|evo|_.
In summary, a car weighing 1100 kg is being pulled by a tow truck with a force of 500 N while experiencing a frictional force of 300 N. Using Newton's second law and the relevant equation, it can be calculated that the car will move 100 meters in 33 seconds.
._|evo|_.

Homework Statement

A car with a mass of 1100 kg is being pulled by a tow truck exerts a 500 N force on the car and there is a 300 N friction force acting on the car.

If the car starts at rest at time t=0, at what time has the truck moved 100 meters?

x=v0t + 1/2 at2

The Attempt at a Solution

First off, I attempted to draw a free body diagram.

Down is gravity
Up is normal force
left is friction force
right is the force acting on the car and the truck

Then I proceeded to fill in the variables for the equation above ^^^^
V0 = 0
a = 0.20 m/s2
t=? (trying to figure this out)
x = 100

I ended up with this result: 31.62 seconds.

The teacher said it was 33 seconds.

Help would be appreciated.

Hello, "._|evo|_." (??!)
._|evo|_. said:
Then I proceeded to fill in the variables for the equation above ^^^^
V0 = 0
a = 0.20 m/s2
t=? (trying to figure this out)
x = 100
Double check the
"a = 0.20 m/s2."
I don't think that's right. Take care of significant figures.

(Hint: Newton's second law directly applies here. Just make sure the significant figures are appropriate.)

What is the net force in this case?

._|evo|_. said:
What is the net force in this case?
One way to state Newton's second law is (this version of the Newton's second law assumes the mass is constant):

ma = Σ F

What that means is that the particular object's mass, times that object's acceleration, is the sum of all forces acting on that particular object.

It's important that when you sum together the forces, you treat them as vectors. A vector has a magnitude and direction. And they need to be added together with that in mind.

Whenever you have such a problem with multiple forces draw of free body diagram. Draw the forces as arrows, and make sure the point in the appropriate direction. Drawing a free body diagram is important, and I suggest getting into the habit of doing it. It will make things much easier.

So what forces are acting upon car in your problem? There is the force from the tow truck that has a magnitude of 500 N. There is also the force of friction that has a magnitude of 300 N.

Now take a look at your free body diagram. The two forces acting on the car are in opposite directions. So if we define the positive direction as being the direction toward the tow truck, the force on the car from the tow truck is +500 N. The force of friction is in the opposite direction, so the frictional force is -300 N (the minus sign means the friction force vector points in the "negative" direction as we have defined the directions). (This becomes obvious after you draw your free body diagram. So if you haven't drawn it yet, draw it now! )

Add the two forces together together. You know the mass is 1100 kg. Solve for a.

Once you know that, use the relevant equation you gave in your original post, and solve for t.

As a scientist, it is important to carefully analyze and consider all aspects of a problem before reaching a conclusion. In this case, it is important to clarify the units being used for the acceleration and time variables. The given acceleration of 0.20 m/s2 is likely in the unit of meters per second squared, but the time variable may be in a different unit, such as seconds or minutes. It is also important to consider if there are any other external forces acting on the car that may affect its motion.

Additionally, it is important to consider the accuracy and precision of the given values and the equation being used. The equation provided assumes constant acceleration, but in reality, the acceleration of the car may not be constant due to changing external forces or the limitations of the tow truck.

To accurately solve this problem, it may be helpful to use a more comprehensive equation that takes into account the initial velocity and varying acceleration. It may also be beneficial to use multiple equations and consider the motion of both the car and the tow truck separately, taking into account the forces and motion of each.

In conclusion, while the attempt at solving the problem is a good start, it is important to carefully consider all aspects of the problem and use appropriate equations and units to accurately solve for the time it takes for the truck to move 100 meters.

1. What are the three laws of motion?

The three laws of motion, also known as Newton's laws, are fundamental principles that describe the motion of objects. The first law states that an object will remain at rest or in motion with a constant velocity unless acted upon by an external force. The second law states that the acceleration of an object is directly proportional to the net force acting on it and inversely proportional to its mass. The third law states that for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.

2. How do you calculate force?

Force is calculated by multiplying an object's mass by its acceleration, using the equation F=ma. This means that the greater the mass of an object, the more force is needed to accelerate it, and the greater the acceleration of an object, the more force is needed to produce that acceleration.

3. What is the difference between weight and mass?

Weight is the measure of the force of gravity on an object, while mass is the measure of the amount of matter in an object. Mass is constant, meaning it does not change with location, while weight can vary depending on the strength of gravity at a particular location.

4. Can an object be in equilibrium if it is moving?

Yes, an object can be in equilibrium if it is moving at a constant velocity. This is known as dynamic equilibrium and occurs when the net force on an object is zero, meaning the object is not accelerating.

5. How do the laws of motion apply to everyday life?

The laws of motion are applicable to many aspects of everyday life, such as driving a car, playing sports, and even walking. For example, the first law explains why objects stay in motion until acted upon by a force, such as a ball rolling until it hits a wall. The second law can be seen in action when pushing a shopping cart, as a greater force is needed to accelerate a heavier cart. And the third law can be observed when bouncing on a trampoline, as the force of the bounce is equal to the force of your body pushing down on the trampoline.

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