I'm trying to understand thrust for a real world application. I found this formula: T= pi / 4 x D(squared) x (v+V1/2) x p x V1 Where: T thrust [N] D propeller diameter [m] v velocity of incoming flow [m/s] V1 additional velocity, acceleration by propeller [m/s] P density of fluid [kg/m³] (air: = 1.225 kg/m³, water: = 1000 kg/m³) I understand how increasing the propeller diameter would increase the "amount" of air and therefor increase thrust. But the equation does not account for the increased pitch angle of the propeller blades. Intuitively (and by Newton's Third Law of Motion) if you increase the angle of the blade against the air you will be pushing more air (greater "amount" of air), correct? So, does anyone have an equation for thrust that includes the propeller angle. Or an equation that I can use that includes pitch angle to replace the D2 value in this equation? Thanks.