# Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer by Bergman, Lavine, Incropera & DeWitt

• Greg Bernhardt
In summary: A basic understanding of calculus and differential equations is needed to understand the material. The book also covers convection, radiation, and diffusion mass transfer. Overall, it is a comprehensive and accessible resource for undergraduate students in mechanical engineering or related fields. In summary, "Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer" by Theodore L. Bergman, Adrienne S. Lavine, Frank P. Incropera, and David P. DeWitt is a highly recommended book for those looking to learn about heat transfer. It covers a wide range of topics, from conduction to radiation, and provides a solid foundation for further study in the field. It also includes helpful resources such as a list of symbols and appendices with thermophysical properties and mathematical relations

## For those who have used this book

• ### Strongly don't Recommend

• Total voters
5

Last edited:

This is an extremely good intro book on heat transfer. I sorely wish my other intro textbooks were as comprehensive, elucidating, detailed and accessible as this book. Good for newcomers to heat transfer or those who just want a quick review of core concepts. Numerical methods are lightly touched however.

• Prerequisities: First two years of mathematics (calculus and differential equations), physics and introductory engineering courses in a BS Mechanical Engineering program or equivalent

Symbols xxi

CHAPTER 1 Introduction 1

1.1 What and How? 2
1.2 Physical Origins and Rate Equations 3
1.3 Relationship to Thermodynamics 12
1.4 Units and Dimensions 36
1.5 Analysis of Heat Transfer Problems: Methodology 38
1.6 Relevance of Heat Transfer 41
1.7 Summary 45
References 48

Code:
Problems                                                                   49

CHAPTER 2 Introduction to Conduction                                       67

2.1 The Conduction Rate Equation                                           68
2.2 The Thermal Properties of Matter                                       70
2.3 The Heat Diffusion Equation                                            82
2.4 Boundary and Initial Conditions                                        90
2.5 Summary                                                                94
References                                                                 95
Problems                                                                   95

CHAPTER 3 One-Dimensional, Steady-State Conduction                        111

3.1 The Plane Wall                                                        112
3.2 An Alternative Conduction Analysis                                    132
3.4 Summary of One-Dimensional Conduction Results                         142
3.5 Conduction with Thermal Energy Generation                             142
3.6 Heat Transfer from Extended Surfaces                                  154
3.7 The Bioheat Equation                                                  178
3.8 Thermoelectric Power Generation                                       182
3.9 Micro- and Nanoscale Conduction                                       189
3.10 Summary                                                              190
References                                                                193
Problems                                                                  193

CHAPTER 4 Two-Dimensional, Steady-State Conduction                        229

4.1 Alternative Approaches                                                230
4.2 The Method of Separation of Variables                                 231
4.3 The Conduction Shape Factor
and the Dimensionless Conduction Heat Rate                            235
4.4 Finite-Difference Equations                                           241
4.5 Solving the Finite-Difference Equations                               250
4.6 Summary                                                               256
References                                                                257
Problems                                                                  257

CHAPTER 5 Transient Conduction                                            279

5.1 The Lumped Capacitance Method                                         280
5.2 Validity of the Lumped Capacitance Method                             283
5.3 General Lumped Capacitance Analysis                                   287
5.4 Spatial Effects                                                       298
5.5 The Plane Wall with Convection                                        299
5.6 Radial Systems with Convection                                        303
5.7 The Semi-Infinite Solid                                               310
5.8 Objects with Constant Surface Temperatures or Surface Heat Fluxes     317
5.9 Periodic Heating                                                      327
5.10 Finite-Difference Methods                                            330
5.11 Summary                                                              345
References                                                                346
Problems                                                                  346

CHAPTER 6 Introduction to Convection                                      377

6.1 The Convection Boundary Layers                                        378
6.2 Local and Average Convection Coefficients                             382
6.3 Laminar and Turbulent Flow                                            389
6.4 The Boundary Layer Equations                                          394
6.5 Boundary Layer Similarity: The Normalized Boundary Layer Equations    398
6.6 Physical Interpretation of the Dimensionless Parameters               407
6.7 Boundary Layer Analogies                                              409
6.8 Summary                                                               417
References                                                                418
Problems                                                                  419

CHAPTER 7 External Flow                                                   433

7.1 The Empirical Method                                                  435
7.2 The Flat Plate in Parallel Flow                                       436
7.3 Methodology for a Convection Calculation                              447
7.4 The Cylinder in Cross Flow                                            455
7.5 The Sphere                                                            465
7.6 Flow Across Banks of Tubes                                            468
7.7 Impinging Jets                                                        477
7.8 Packed Beds                                                           482
7.9 Summary                                                               483
References                                                                486
Problems                                                                  486

CHAPTER 8 Internal Flow                                                   517

8.1 Hydrodynamic Considerations                                           518
8.2 Thermal Considerations                                                523
8.3 The Energy Balance                                                    529
8.4 Laminar Flow in Circular Tubes: Thermal Analysis
and Convection Correlations                                           537
8.5 Convection Correlations: Turbulent Flow in Circular Tubes             544
8.6 Convection Correlations: Noncircular Tubes
and the Concentric Tube Annulus                                       552
8.7 Heat Transfer Enhancement                                             555
8.8 Flow in Small Channels                                                558
8.9 Convection Mass Transfer                                              563
8.10 Summary                                                              565
References                                                                568
Problems                                                                  569

CHAPTER 9 Free Convection                                                 593
9.1 Physical Considerations                                               594
9.2 The Governing Equations for Laminar Boundary Layers                   597
9.3 Similarity Considerations                                             598
9.4 Laminar Free Convection on a Vertical Surface                         599
9.5 The Effects of Turbulence                                             602
9.6 Empirical Correlations: External Free Convection Flows                604
9.7 Free Convection Within Parallel Plate Channels                        618
9.8 Empirical Correlations: Enclosures                                    621
9.9 Combined Free and Forced Convection                                   627
9.10 Convection Mass Transfer                                             628
9.11 Summary                                                              629
References                                                                630
Problems                                                                  631

CHAPTER 10 Boiling and Condensation                                       653

10.1 Dimensionless Parameters in Boiling and Condensation                 654
10.2 Boiling Modes                                                        655
10.3 Pool Boiling                                                         656
10.4 Pool Boiling Correlations                                            660
10.5 Forced Convection Boiling                                            669
10.6 Condensation: Physical Mechanisms                                    673
10.7 Laminar Film Condensation on a Vertical Plate                        675
10.8 Turbulent Film Condensation                                          679
10.9 Film Condensation on Radial Systems                                  684
10.10 Condensation in Horizontal Tubes                                    689
10.11 Dropwise Condensation                                               690
10.12 Summary                                                             691
References                                                                691
Problems                                                                  693

CHAPTER 11 Heat Exchangers                                                705

11.1 Heat Exchanger Types                                                 706
11.2 The Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient                                708
11.3 Heat Exchanger Analysis: Use of the Log Mean Temperature Difference  711
11.4 Heat Exchanger Analysis: The Effectiveness–NTU Method                722
11.5 Heat Exchanger Design and Performance Calculations                   730
11.7 Summary                                                              747
References                                                                748
Problems                                                                  748

CHAPTER 12 Radiation: Processes and Properties                            767

12.1 Fundamental Concepts                                                 768
12.5 Emission from Real Surfaces                                          792
12.6 Absorption, Reflection, and Transmission by Real Surfaces            801
12.7 Kirchhoff’s Law                                                      810
12.8 The Gray Surface                                                     812
12.10 Summary                                                             826
References                                                                830
Problems                                                                  830

CHAPTER 13 Radiation Exchange Between Surfaces                            861

13.1 The View Factor                                                      862
13.3 Radiation Exchange Between Opaque, Diffuse, Gray Surfaces
in an Enclosure                                                      876
13.4 Multimode Heat Transfer                                              893
13.5 Implications of the Simplifying Assumptions                          896
13.6 Radiation Exchange with Participating Media                          896
13.7 Summary                                                              901
References                                                                902
Problems                                                                  903

CHAPTER 14 Diffusion Mass Transfer                                        933

14.1 Physical Origins and Rate Equations                                  934
14.2 Mass Transfer in Nonstationary Media                                 939
14.3 The Stationary Medium Approximation                                  947
14.4 Conservation of Species for a Stationary Medium                      947
14.5 Boundary Conditions and Discontinuous Concentrations at Interfaces   954
14.6 Mass Diffusion with Homogeneous Chemical Reactions                   962
14.7 Transient Diffusion                                                  965
14.8 Summary                                                              971
References                                                                972
Problems                                                                  972

APPENDIX A Thermophysical Properties of Matter                            981
APPENDIX B Mathematical Relations and Functions                          1013
APPENDIX C Thermal Conditions Associated with Uniform Energy
Generation in One-Dimensional, Steady-State Systems           1019
APPENDIX D The Gauss–Seidel Method                                       1025
APPENDIX E The Convection Transfer Equations                             1027
APPENDIX F Boundary Layer Equations for Turbulent Flow                   1031
APPENDIX G An Integral Laminar Boundary Layer Solution
for Parallel Flow over a Flat Plate                           1035

Index                                                                    1039

Publisher's webpage - http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-EHEP001810.html

I used the 4th edition in college. I liked it but I don't use it much because it only uses the metric unit system.

Good introductory book on heat transfer. The chapter on heat exchangers is excellent as a first exposure to the topic.

## 1. What are the main topics covered in "Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer"?

The main topics covered in this book include conduction, convection, radiation, mass transfer, and combined heat and mass transfer. It also discusses the basics of thermodynamics and fluid mechanics as they relate to heat and mass transfer.

## 2. What makes this book a valuable resource for learning about heat and mass transfer?

This book offers a comprehensive and in-depth understanding of the fundamentals of heat and mass transfer. It includes numerous real-world examples, illustrations, and problem sets that help readers apply the concepts to practical situations. It also provides a strong theoretical foundation and is written in a clear and easy-to-understand manner.

## 3. Is this book suitable for beginners or is it more advanced?

This book is suitable for both beginners and advanced learners. It starts with the basic principles and gradually progresses to more complex topics, making it accessible to those with little prior knowledge of heat and mass transfer. However, it also covers advanced topics and equations that are useful for more experienced readers.

## 4. Can this book be used as a reference for professionals in the field of heat and mass transfer?

Yes, this book can be used as a reference by professionals in the field of heat and mass transfer. It covers a wide range of topics and includes detailed explanations and equations, making it a valuable resource for those looking to refresh their knowledge or learn new concepts.

## 5. Does this book include practical applications and examples?

Yes, this book includes numerous practical applications and examples that help readers understand how heat and mass transfer principles are applied in real-world situations. It also includes end-of-chapter problems that allow readers to practice using the concepts learned.

Replies
2
Views
2K
Replies
4
Views
6K
Replies
3
Views
287
Replies
1
Views
3K
Replies
1
Views
5K
Replies
13
Views
16K
Replies
1
Views
2K
Replies
1
Views
5K
Replies
15
Views
11K
Replies
1
Views
5K