1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data 1. Consider the Cartesian Product A X B, where A, B are finite nonempty sets, each with carnality greater than 1. There are two functions with domain A X B, called projections with mapping rules p1(a,b) = a and p2(a,b) = b. What is the target space of p1? p2? Are either of p1, 2 one to one? Onto? 2. The star graph on n vertices has one vertex adjacent to all other vertices (and no other adjacencies). Conjecture and prove a formula for the number of edges of the star graph on n vertices. 2. Relevant equations None that I can think of 3. The attempt at a solution 1. the target space of p1 is A and the target space of p2 is B. Neither are one-to-one because fixing B, there are multiple A's that could go in the first slot, but there would be the same value for p2. Same logic for p1 except fixing A. They're both onto, because the Cartesian product goes through each value in B, or A, and the projection takes each of those and maps it to the target space. Therefore both are onto. 2. I don't know where to begin.