1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data Initially, you have a one dimensional square well potential with infinitely high potential fixed at x = 0 and x = a. In the lowest energy state, the wave function is proportional to sin (kx). If the potential is altered slightly by introducing a small bulge(symmetric about x = a/2) in the middle, which of the following is true of the ground state? a. The energy of the ground state remains unchanged. b. The energy of the ground state is increased. c. The energy of the ground state is decreased. d. The original ground state splits into two states of lower energy e. the original ground state splits into two states of higher energy 2. Relevant equations This has to do with perturbation theory but I am not sure. Since this is GRE question, I am guessing there must be a cleaver way of solving this problem rather than solving the Schrödinger's equation. 3. The attempt at a solution I eliminated a, d, and e so far and left with b and c as candidates. I thought that to introduce a new potential to a system( however small) requires certain amount of work which then will increase the energy of system. So, I would go for the choice b as a final answer. But then, I wouldn't be surprise if I am entirely wrong. Can someone help?