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Homework Help: Gyroscopes, moment of inertia, rotational energy and friction.

  1. Dec 28, 2009 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A gyroscope consists of a solid disk of diameter 1m and mass 100kg mounted on an axis passing through the center of mass of the disk.

    (a) Calculate the moment of inertia of the disk about its rotational axis.
    (b) What is the kinetic energy of rotation of the disk if its angular velocity is 75 revolutions per second.
    (c) A brake is pressed against the edge of the disk to arrest its motion. The frictional force which the brake exerts on the disk is 100N. How long will it take to come to rest?


    2. Relevant equations
    N/A.


    3. The attempt at a solution
    (a) I=mR2 = 0.5x0.5x100 = 25kgm2
    (b) K=0.5I[tex]\omega[/tex]2 = 0.5x25x75x75 = 70312.5J
    (c) Which I'm not sure about:

    E=F.d (force x distance)
    d=s.t (speed x time)
    So E=F.s.t

    The initial speed = s1 = [tex]\omega[/tex]R = 75x0.5 = 37.5m/s
    The final speed = s2 = 0m/s
    So the average speed = 18.75m/s

    t= E/(F.s) = 70312.5/(100x18.75) = 37.5s
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data



    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 28, 2009 #2

    Doc Al

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    The rotational inertia of a disk is not mR2.
    ω is measured in radians per second.
    Once you correct your answers to the first two parts, this method will work. You can also calculate the torque and then find the rotational acceleration using Newton's 2nd law for rotation.
     
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