# Help with motion in one direction

1. Sep 20, 2007

### saber1357

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
You are trailing a car by 25m; both you and the car are traveling at 110km/h. Your attention is diverted for 2.0s. At the beginning of that 2.0s, the car in front of you brakes at 5.0 m/s^2.
Suppose your attention is diverted another .40s. If you too break at 5.0m/s^2, what is your speed when you hit the car?

2. Relevant equations
v^2 = u^2 + 2at ?
x = x0+(v0*t) + 1/2at^2 ?

3. The attempt at a solution
I converted everything to m/s. However, I do not understand which equation I can use that incorporates velocity, time, and position. I'm assuming that I'm suppose to create functions for both cars and set them equal to each other.
Any help will be greatly appreciated.

2. Sep 20, 2007

### Dick

The form of the position equations will change everytime someone changes acceleration. So you need to define the functions piecewise. What do the equations look like for t<2.4 sec? How about for t>2.4 sec?

3. Sep 20, 2007

### saber1357

Well, if I am understanding you correctly, then the function for the second car is
2ndcar position = 25 + (30.6m/s)*(2.0s) + .5*(-5m/s^2)*(2.0s) when t<2.4
It doesn't really make sense to me. The second car is already breaking at t=2.0s, while I begin breaking at t=2.4s. Unless the equation for my car is position = (30.6m/s)*(2.4) + .5*(-5m/s^2)*(2.4s) when t>2.4. But then what can I do with them to figure out the velocity. I am pretty sure I can figure out the velocity if I somehow solve for the time it takes for me to crash into the second car. But again, I am not sure how to solve for time in this situation.

4. Sep 20, 2007

### Dick

As I read the question the second car was already braking at t=0. Or am I wrong? Can we sort this out tomorrow? You don't have an unknown t in either equation and you should. If you aren't tired, maybe somebody else can pick this up. I'm BEAT.

5. Sep 20, 2007

### saber1357

:)
I'm pretty sure this problem states that the second car is breaking at the beginning of the 2.0s, meaning it's breaking at t=2.0s.
Looking forward for the help tomorrow. Thanks for your effort <3
I'm definitely going to try to solve this thing.

6. Sep 20, 2007

### Dick

Maybe you'll get it before I do. Good night!

7. Sep 21, 2007

### Dick

Try approaching it this way. First figure out where both cars are at t=2.4 sec and what their velocity and acceleration are. Now pretend that's a whole new problem. My question was whether the second car was braking starting at t=0?

8. Sep 21, 2007

### saber1357

Now that I look again at the equation, perhaps you are right, which means that i'm braking at t=2.4..

9. Sep 21, 2007

### Dick

I have questions about the problem statement since nothing seems to really happen at 2 sec if the other car was already braking "at the beginning of that 2 sec". Sure it shouldn't read "at the end of that 2 sec"?

10. Sep 21, 2007

### saber1357

This is indeed a confusing question, I'm going to take it up with my professor.