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Help with some Moments problems

  1. Oct 16, 2008 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    The direction cosines of the force F are cos [tex]\vartheta[/tex]x= .818, cos[tex]\vartheta[/tex]y= .182, cos[tex]\vartheta[/tex]z= -.545. The support of the beam at O will fail if the magnitude of the moment of F about O exceeds 100 kN-m. Determine the magnitude of the largest force F that can safely be applied to the beam.

    In the drawing, the give the length of the beam, which would be the "r" variable, as 3 m. So r=3 m.

    Also, the dots between variables stands for the dot product, and the X between variables stands for the cross product.

    2. Relevant equations
    |Mp|= D|F|
    |Mp|= r X F <-- Not sure if this one applies here.
    F=|F|ef with ef being the unit vector of F



    3. The attempt at a solution

    Our professor gave us that the direction cosines are the unit vector, so ef= .818i +.182j -.545k.

    They said that the magnitude of the Moment could not exceed 100 kN-m, so I set up the equation 100=D|F|. If D is the perpendicular line from O to the force, than the length is r, which as stated above = 3 m.

    So now I have:

    100=3|F| or 100/3 = |F|

    I know that the magnitude of F = the square root of (x2 + y2 + z2)

    When I do the math I just get that F = 33.33 when the answer is supposed to be 58 kN.


    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Use Equations 4.5 and 4.6 to determine the moment of the 20-N force about (a) the x axis, (b) the y axis (c) the z axis.

    Gives me the position (7, 4, 0)m and the force vector 20k (N)

    2. Relevant equations

    Equation 4.5 : ML= [e .(r X F)]e

    Equation 4.6 : e.(r X F) = the determinate



    3. The attempt at a solution

    Using the equation ML= [e .(r X F)]e. I can do the r X F part. I did that and got 80i -140j +0k. When when I have to dot that with e, which is a unit vector, i dont know where to get that unit vector from.

    I can't do the unit vector of (7,4,0) because it doesn't come out right.

    The answers are a=80i b= -140j and c=0

    Thanks for any and all help.
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data



    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 17, 2008 #2

    alphysicist

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    Homework Helper

    Hi vdfortd,

    I'm having a bit of trouble visualizing the situation for the first problem.

    I believe the unit vector in that equation is the unit vector that is in the direction of the axis. So for part a, [itex]\hat e[/itex] would be the unit vector in the direction of the x axis, etc.
     
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