# How can I expand this out

• B

## Main Question or Discussion Point

Low pass filter function

1/x(sqrt(R^2+1/(x^2)))

Just to show the limits as x approaches 0 and infinity, where x is frequency.

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BvU
Homework Helper
2019 Award
Concise question ! Looks like homework, so PF culture requires some attempt at solution on your part. What do you propose ?

Self studier here, not enrolled in a course so HW is kind of a misnomer.

It should equal 1 at x = 0 ie DC, open circuit for capacitor and zero for frequency approaches infinity ie capacitor is short circuit.

It can't tho cos of the first term in x goes to 1/0 ie infinite at DC.

BvU
Homework Helper
2019 Award
Self studier here
Kudos !

Simple recipe: for $\ \ x\downarrow 0\ \$ you want to be looking at something like $\ \ A + x\ \$ and for $\ \ x\rightarrow\infty\ \$ you want something like $\ \ B + {1\over x}\ \$.

To wit for $\ \ x\rightarrow\infty\ \$:$${ 1\over x \sqrt{R^2+{1\over x^2}}}$$the last term in the denominator disappears besides R2 so you are left with $1\over x R$.

For $\ \ x\downarrow 0\ \$ you bring the x inside the root: $${ 1\over \sqrt{x^2 R^2+1}}$$ and now the first term disappears besides the 1.

• houlahound
thanks, I cast the problem of x approaching 0 as

(1/x)*1/(stuff)

and wrongly insisted that due to the first term (1/x) that the behaviour had to blow up to infinity.

I wanted the equation to fit my expectation even tho I knew the behaviour of the low pass in advance.