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How do I find the tangent to this parametric curve?

  1. Dec 23, 2014 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Let C be the curve given parametrically by x = (t^3) - 3t; y = (t^2) - 5t
    a) Find an equation for the line tangent to C at the point corresponding to t = 4
    b) Determine the values of t where the tangent line is horizontal or vertical.

    2. Relevant equations
    dy/dx = (dy/dt)/(dx/dt)
    slope = d/dx of f(x,y) parametric.JPG
    equation of a line: y-y1 = m (x-x1)

    3. The attempt at a solution
    see attached - I know I need to solve for t, but I don't know how with these seemingly unsolvable equations because there is a t^3 and a t = 52 in the first equation and a t^2and a t = -4 in the second equation. Please help thanks!
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 23, 2014 #2

    SteamKing

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    It's not clear what your confusion is here. No, you don't need to solve for t; you are given the value of t for the point C on the curve. (Hint: t = 4)

    For a) You have calculated an expression for dy/dx in terms of t. Use the given value of t to find the equation of the tangent line at C.

    For b) For what value of m is the tangent line at C horizontal? For what value of m is the tangent line at C vertical? What are the values of t which give these two values of m?
     
  4. Dec 24, 2014 #3
    I guess I'm not clear how to go about solving this problem then. Can you help me choose the correct procedure for finding the equation of the line tangent to the curve? Don't I have to take the derivative or something somehow? I'm not clear on what to do....
     
  5. Dec 24, 2014 #4

    SteamKing

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    You've already determined dy/dt and dx/dt using the parametric equations of the curve. The slope of the tangent line is

    m = dy/dx = (dy/dt) / (dx/dt) = (2t - 5) / (3t2 - 3)

    You are given that t = 4 at point C. What is the slope of the tangent line at point C? [Hint: Plug and chug.]

    As to the rest of the equation for the tangent line, once you have calculated m, you need one point (x,y) on the line to complete it. You can obtain the (x,y) of point C by using the parametric equations for x and y, knowing that t = 4 at point C.

    This is not a difficult problem. It's intended to show you how to work with parametric expressions instead of directly with x and y.
     
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