# How Do You Calculate a Car Wheel's Angular Acceleration and Total Acceleration?

• 122760
In summary: Is it a toy car wheel?In summary, the conversation discusses finding the angular acceleration, revolutions completed, and total acceleration of a car wheel starting from rest and accelerating to 210 rpm in 0.73 seconds. The angular acceleration is calculated to be 30.12 radians/sec^2 and the revolutions completed is 1.3 revs. For the total acceleration, the centripetal acceleration is found to be 4263.87 m/s^2 and the tangential acceleration is calculated as 309.84 m/s^2, resulting in a total acceleration of 4275.11 m/s^2. However, the numbers seem unrealistic and may require further clarification or correction.
122760
1. A cars wheels starts from rest and accelerate to 210 rpm in .73 seconds.
a.) Find angular acceleration in radians/sec^2
b.) Find the revolutions completed in the time interval
c.) Find the total acceleration when it is 12m from the rotational axis at 180 rpm.

3. 1. a.) 210x2pi= radians/ min
1319.47/60= 21.99 radians/sec giving omega
21.99/.73= 30.12 radians/sec^2 giving angular acceleration. I think I did this right the whole revolution thing is throwing me for a loop.

b.) I think i just plug in everything into the formula W=Wo + at? If i do that, I get 0+30.12(.73)=21.99rad/sec
Then, I have to covert back to revolutions right? So, 21.99/2pi = 3.5 revolutions? Does that sound right?

c.) I know total acceleration is Centripetal plus tangential but after that I'm completely lost. Any help would be greatly appreciate I just don't get this. =/

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For the first part...you have 210 Revolutions Per Minute...converting this to radians/sec we have:

$$\frac{210 Revolutions}{Minute}*\frac{1 Minute}{60 Seconds}*\frac{2\pi}{1 Revolution}$$

Which i get about 21.99 rad/s, which is the same as yours so you did it right. It always helps to draw it out like in the above equation and strike through the units that cancel so you know what units you are left with.

For the second part, finding the revolutions, you did that part wrong. Think about it this way. If I gave you the acceleration of an object, give me an equation that determines it's position as a function of time. (Like a ball dropping). Those kinematic equations have angular equivalents.

And for the 3rd part, look at your book. They have an equation for the centripital acceleration (most likely v^2 / r), but you can relate v (linear velocity) with w (omega, angular velocity). They give you angular velocity and r so you can calculate centripital acceleration.

Ok for the second part I used the equation $$\theta$$=$$\varpi$$t + 1/2$$\alpha$$t^2

So far that I got .5*30.12*(.73)^2= 8.03 radians
8.03/2$$\pi$$ = 1.3 revs??

For the third part I have r=12m and 180 rpm which equals (180*2pi)/60= 18.85rads/sec then 18.85/.73= 25.82 rad/sec^2
That gives me omega so Ac=12*18.85^2 = 4263.87and At= 12(25.82) = 309.84
4263.87^2 + 309.84^2= square root answer and I get 4275.11 that feels miserably wrong.

Last edited:
122760 said:
Ok for the second part I used the equation $$\theta$$=$$\varpi$$t + 1/2$$\alpha$$t^2

So far that I got .5*30.12*(.73)^2= 8.03 radians
8.03/2$$\pi$$ = 1.3 revs??
Sounds good.

Is part three part of the same problem? A car wheel with radius 12 m??
For the third part I have r=12m and 180 rpm which equals (180*2pi)/60= 18.85rads/sec then 18.85/.73= 25.82 rad/sec^2
Why did you divide by 0.73 seconds? You already found the angular acceleration in part one.
That gives me omega so Ac=12*18.85^2 = 4263.87and At= 12(25.82) = 309.84
4263.87^2 + 309.84^2= square root answer and I get 4275.11 that feels miserably wrong.
You'll have to correct At, but otherwise this seems correct. But these numbers seem wildly unrealistic.

I can provide some guidance on how to approach this problem. First, let's define some terms and equations that will be useful in solving this problem.

- Angular acceleration (α) is the rate of change of angular velocity (ω) over time (t), and is measured in radians per second squared (rad/s^2). It can be calculated using the formula α = (ωf - ωi)/t, where ωf is the final angular velocity, ωi is the initial angular velocity, and t is the time interval.
- Revolutions (r) are a measure of how many times an object has completed a full circle around an axis. In this problem, we are dealing with rotations in terms of revolutions per minute (rpm). To convert from rpm to radians per second, we can use the formula ω = (2πr)/60, where r is the number of revolutions per minute.
- Total acceleration (a) is the vector sum of centripetal acceleration (ac) and tangential acceleration (at). Centripetal acceleration is directed towards the center of rotation and is calculated using the formula ac = ω^2r, where r is the distance from the rotational axis. Tangential acceleration is directed tangentially to the circle and is calculated using the formula at = αr.

Now, let's apply these concepts to the problem at hand.

a.) To find the angular acceleration, we can use the formula α = (ωf - ωi)/t. In this case, the initial angular velocity (ωi) is 0, since the wheels start from rest. The final angular velocity (ωf) can be calculated by converting 210 rpm to radians per second using the formula ω = (2πr)/60. Plugging in the values, we get α = (1319.47 rad/s - 0 rad/s)/0.73 s = 30.12 rad/s^2.

b.) To find the number of revolutions completed in the given time interval, we can use the formula r = ωt/2π. Plugging in the values, we get r = (1319.47 rad/s)(0.73 s)/(2π) = 3.5 revolutions.

c.) To find the total acceleration when the car is 12m from the rotational axis at 180 rpm, we need to calculate both the centripetal and tang

## What is rotation motion and how is it measured in RPM?

Rotation motion is the movement of an object around an axis. RPM (revolutions per minute) is a unit used to measure the speed of rotation, specifically the number of full rotations an object makes in one minute.

## How is RPM calculated?

RPM is calculated by dividing the number of revolutions made by an object by the time it takes to make those revolutions, and then multiplying by 60 to convert to minutes. The formula for calculating RPM is RPM = (revolutions/time) x 60.

## What factors affect the RPM of an object?

The RPM of an object can be affected by several factors, including the size and shape of the object, the type and amount of force applied to it, and any external factors such as friction or air resistance.

## What is the difference between angular velocity and RPM?

Angular velocity is a measure of the rate of change of an object's rotational position, while RPM is a measure of the number of full rotations an object makes in one minute. While they are related, they are not the same measurement and cannot be used interchangeably.

## How is RPM used in real-world applications?

RPM is used in a variety of real-world applications, such as in the automotive industry to measure the speed of engines and in manufacturing to monitor the speed of rotating machinery. It is also commonly used in sports to measure the speed of a spinning ball or the rotation of a player's body during a movement.

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