How does formic acid (under basic conditions) convert to CO2?

  • Thread starter ldv1452
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  • #1
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What is the mechanism that results in formic acid quickly converting to CO2. I know this happens under basic conditions so I'm assuming the first step is forming the formate ion.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
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Best mechanism I can come up with is as follows:

-Hydroxide deprotonates formic acid to form formate ion and water molecule.
-Lone pair from oxygen migrates to form a C=O double bond. Simultaneously, the C-H bond breaks and the electron pair deprotonates a water molecule, reforming hydroxide and yielding the products: CO2 and H2.
 

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