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How many grams of Zn reacted in this reaction (very easy chemistry question)

  1. Oct 18, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    The reaction between zinc and hydrochloric acid is carried out as a source of hydrogen gas in the laboratory:
    [itex]Zn(s)+2 HCl(aq)\rightarrow ZnCl_2(aq)+H_2(g)[/itex]

    If 325 mL of hydrogen gas is collected over water at 25°C at a total pressure of 748 mm Hg, how many grams of Zn reacted?

    2. Relevant equations
    [itex]PV=nRT[/itex]
    [itex]M=\frac{m}{n}[/itex]


    3. The attempt at a solution
    Pressure in atmosphere:
    [itex]\frac{748 mm Hg}{760 mm Hg/atm}=0.984 atm[/itex]

    Moles of Zn:
    [itex]n=\frac{PV}{RT}=\frac{0.984 atm\cdot 0.325 L}{0.0821\frac{L\cdot atm}{mol\cdot K}\cdot (25+273)K}=0.013 mol[/itex]

    Grams of Zn:
    [itex]m=M\cdot n=65.39g/mol\cdot 0.013 mol=0.85 g[/itex]

    I'm supposed to get 0.828 grams so I don't know what it is that I'm doing wrong?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 18, 2012 #2

    Borek

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    Staff: Mentor

    0.855 g (0.131 mol) is a correct answer.
     
  4. Oct 18, 2012 #3
    But my book's facit says 0.828 so I was worried maybe I had missed something.
     
  5. Oct 18, 2012 #4

    Borek

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    Staff: Mentor

    Erratum :tongue2:
     
  6. Nov 24, 2013 #5
    Correct for vapor pressure of water

    The problem mentions 'total pressure', so you have to take into account the vapor pressure of water. The vapor pressure of water depends on the temperature, and you can find that on a table.

    Subtract it from the total pressure, to find the partial pressure of hydrogen. With this correction, your answer will match the textbook answer.
     
  7. Nov 24, 2013 #6

    Borek

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    Staff: Mentor

    Good point, thank you.

    Problem is, we never know at what level is the question asked, so it is rarely clear whether collected gas is to be treated as dry, or not (HS students know nothing about partial pressures). Apparently in this case 24.2 mmHg of water vapor does the trick.
     
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