# How to Calculate Power Requirements for a Truck at Different Speeds

• clope023
In summary, the truck engine is transmitting 28.0 kW to the driving wheels at a constant velocity of 60.0 km/h. The resistance force is found to be 1680N. When 65% of the resistance force is due to rolling friction and the remaining force is due to air resistance, the power required to drive the truck at 30.0 km/h is 4kW. The air resistance is proportional to the square of the speed, and at 60 km/h it is 0.35 times the total resistance force. At 30 km/h, the air resistance is 0.35 times the total resistance force divided by the square of the ratio of the two speeds.
clope023
[SOLVED] Automobile Power

## Homework Statement

A truck engine transmits 28.0kW(37.5hp ) to the driving wheels when the truck is traveling at a constant velocity of magnitude 60.0km/h ( 37.3mi/h) on a level road.

a) resistance force? P = Fv, P/v = F = 1680N

this is where I have trouble

b) Assume that 65% of the resisting force is due to rolling friction and the remainder is due to air resistance. If the force of rolling friction is independent of speed, and the force of air resistance is proportional to the square of the speed, what power will drive the truck at 30.0 ? Give your answer in kilowatts .

P = Fv

## The Attempt at a Solution

so it says the forces acting are 65% of the resisting force (.65*1680 = 1092) and the air resistance is the square of the speed, so I used (with speed in 8.3m/s):

P = Fv = 1092(8.3^3) = 624,391 W = 624kw wrong

also tried:

P = Fv = (1092+8.2^2)8.3 = 9,621 W = 9kW wrong

I think I'm using the wrong force, any help is appreciated.

65% is due to FRICTION. You need to multiply F by 0.35...that's how much force is due to air resistance.

Also, once you calculate how much power is lost due to air resistance at 30 km/h, that's not your final answer is it? What else do you have to do? (Friction is still there, after all).

cepheid said:
Also, once you calculate how much power is lost due to air resistance at 30 km/h, that's not your final answer is it? What else do you have to do? (Friction is still there, after all).

that's pretty much it, the next answers are just to give the power in hp and the same for another velocity, which I'll be able to find if I can find how to do this problem.

you say I need to multiply 1680 by .35 to find air resistance, but it came out like this:

((F*.65)+(F*.35))*8.3 = 13,944 W = 14kw which is the wrong answer

or should I do: ((F*.65)-(F*.35))*8.3 = 4183W = 4kw?

I think you need to think this through a little better. What do we know?

$$P = F_\textrm{total} v$$

$$F_\textrm{total} = F_\textrm{fric} + F_\textrm{air}$$

$$F_\textrm{fric} = 0.65F_\textrm{total}$$

AT 60 km/h,

$$F_\textrm{air} = 0.35F_\textrm{total}$$

BUT AT 30 km/h

$$F_\textrm{air} \not= 0.35F_\textrm{total}$$

BECAUSE F_air changes with velocity. So how can we figure out the new F_air?

We know that:

$$F_\textrm{air} \propto v^2$$

and v has halved.

cepheid said:
I think you need to think this through a little better. What do we know?

$$P = F_\textrm{total} v$$

$$F_\textrm{total} = F_\textrm{fric} + F_\textrm{air}$$

$$F_\textrm{fric} = 0.65F_\textrm{total}$$

AT 60 km/h,

$$F_\textrm{air} = 0.35F_\textrm{total}$$

BUT AT 30 km/h

$$F_\textrm{air} \not= 0.35F_\textrm{total}$$

BECAUSE F_air changes with velocity. So how can we figure out the new F_air?

We know that:

$$F_\textrm{air} \propto v^2$$

and v has halved.

it did say that the force of air resistance was proportional to the speed squared, might it be:

((F*.65)+(8.3)^2)*8.3 = 8491 W = 8kW?

edit: oh speed is halved, so maybe:

((F*.65)+(4.2)^2)*4.2 = still 4kw.

Just work on solving for the new F_air at 30 km/h first, which you still haven't done properly. Don't worry about the rest of it just yet.

EDIT: here's a further hint. F_air is a function of v:

$$F_\textrm{air}(v) \propto v^2$$

At 60 km/h,

$$F_\textrm{air}(60) = 0.35 F_\textrm{total}$$

But at 30 km/h

$$F_\textrm{air}(30) = \textrm{unknown}$$

But we can solve for it, because using the information given about how F_air varies with v, we can determine what this ratio is:

$$\frac{F_\textrm{air}(60)}{F_\textrm{air}(30)}$$

Last edited:
cepheid said:
Just work on solving for the new F_air at 30 km/h first, which you still haven't done properly. Don't worry about the rest of it just yet. F_air is a function of v:

EDIT: here's a further hint:

$$F_\textrm{air}(v) \propto v^2$$

At 60 km/h,

$$F_\textrm{air}(60) = 0.35 F_\textrm{total}$$

But at 30 km/h

$$F_\textrm{air}(30) = \textrm{unknown}$$

But we can solve for it, because using the information given about how F_air varies with v, we can determine what this ratio is:

$$\frac{F_\textrm{air}(60)}{F_\textrm{air}(30)}$$

edit, so Fair(60)/Fair(30)

might it be:

.35(1680) = 588/8.3 = 70?

edit: I have to solve for a new force at 30km/h don't I?

Last edited:
clope023 said:
but it says Fair = v^2

It doesn't say that. It says that F_air is PROPORTIONAL TO v^2 (which is what the symbol I used means). F_air can't be equal to a velocity squared, because the two things don't even have the same dimensions. That would be as nonsensical as saying:

2 metres = 3 seconds

Just as you can't equate a distance to a time interval, you can't equate a force to something that is not a force.

When we say that F is proportional to v^2, what we mean is that:

$$F = Cv^2$$

Where C is some constant of proportionality with units of N/(m/s) that takes care of the fact that the two quantities don't have the same units. But this is all irrelevant. You don't need to know what C is to solve this problem. The fact that if v changes by some factor, F changes by that factor squared is all you really need to know.

clope023 said:
edit: I have to solve for a new force at 30km/h don't I?

Yes, that is the whole point of what we are trying to do here

cepheid said:
It doesn't say that. It says that F_air is PROPORTIONAL TO v^2 (which is what the symbol I used means). F_air can't be equal to a velocity squared, because the two things don't even have the same dimensions. That would be as nonsensical as saying:

2 metres = 3 seconds

Just as you can't equate a distance to a time interval, you can't equate a force to something that is not a force.

When we say that F is proportional to v^2, what we mean is that:

$$F = Cv^2$$

Where C is some constant of proportionality with units of N/(m/s) that takes care of the fact that the two quantities don't have the same units. But this is all irrelevant. You don't need to know what C is to solve this problem. The fact that if v changes by some factor, F changes by that factor squared is all you really need to know.

sorry if I'm being a little difficult, I'm really not getting the concepts for this problem, but what I'm getting from your explanation is that since the velocity is halved the force will be halved, now F(30) = 840N.

so in that case Fair(30) = Fair(60)/2 = (.35Ftotal/2) = 294N?

clope023 said:
sorry if I'm being a little difficult, I'm really not getting the concepts for this problem, but what I'm getting from your explanation is that since the velocity is halved the force will be halved, now F(30) = 840N.

so in that case Fair(30) = Fair(60)/2 = (.35Ftotal/2) = 294N?

ALMOST! That would be true if the force were just proportional to velocity. But the force is proportional to velocity SQUARED, which means that if the velocity is halved, the force is quartered. Think about it this way:

$$F_\textrm{air} \propto v^2$$

Therefore:

$$\frac{F_\textrm{air}(30)}{F_\textrm{air}(60)} = \left(\frac{30}{60}\right)^2$$

$$= \left(\frac{1}{2}\right)^2 = \frac{1}{4}$$

cepheid said:
ALMOST! That would be true if the force were just proportional to velocity. But the force is proportional to velocity SQUARED, which means that if the velocity is halved, the force is quartered. Think about it this way:

$$F_\textrm{air} \propto v^2$$

Therefore:

$$\frac{F_\textrm{air}(30)}{F_\textrm{air}(60)} = \left(\frac{30}{60}\right)^2$$

$$= \left(\frac{1}{2}\right)^2 = \frac{1}{4}$$

than (.35(1/4(1680)) = 147N?

Right! Finish it off! =)

cepheid said:
Right! Finish it off! =)

alrighty then.

Ftotal = ((.65Ftotal)+147N) = 1239N

P = 1239N(8.3m/s) = 10284 W = 10kW

right? (crosses fingers)

Last edited:
I think it's actually:

P = ((.65Ftot) - 147)8.3 = 7843.5 W = 7.8 kW

edit I feel really stupid:

((.65Ftot)-147)*(8.3^2) = 65101 W = 65 W

Last edited:

I'm not getting the right answer...

I tried 65 kW and still got it wrong, then I tried ADDING the 147N to the (.65Ftot)8.3^2 and got 85kW and still got it wrong, do I need the new force I got instead of the original resisting force?

Dude! When I said it looked alright to me, I meant what you wrote in post #15! What's up with all the other stuff? Your subsequent equations make no sense!

cepheid said:
Dude! When I said it looked alright to me, I meant what you wrote in post #15! What's up with all the other stuff? Your subsequent equations make no sense!

oh shoot! yep got the answer, well I got 10kw but the stupid mastering physics wanted 10.3 kw so technically got the answer wrong, oh well, really THANKS SO MUCH FOR ALL YOUR HELP!

No problem! Make sure you go back over all of the steps and check that they make sense to you. Your understanding of the methods is what is important, not the final answer.

cepheid said:
No problem! Make sure you go back over all of the steps and check that they make sense to you. Your understanding of the methods is what is important, not the final answer.

thanks! will do!

## 1. What is the equation for calculating power requirements for a truck at different speeds?

The equation for calculating power requirements for a truck at different speeds is: Power = (Force x Distance)/Time. This equation takes into account the force needed to move the truck, the distance it needs to travel, and the time it takes to cover that distance.

## 2. What are the factors that affect power requirements for a truck at different speeds?

There are several factors that can affect power requirements for a truck at different speeds. These include the weight of the truck, the aerodynamics of the truck, the road conditions, and the grade or slope of the road.

## 3. How do I determine the force needed to move a truck at a certain speed?

The force needed to move a truck at a certain speed can be determined by using the equation: Force = Mass x Acceleration. The mass of the truck can be found by weighing it, and the acceleration can be calculated using the speed and time taken to reach that speed.

## 4. How do I calculate the distance traveled by a truck at a certain speed?

The distance traveled by a truck at a certain speed can be calculated using the equation: Distance = Speed x Time. The speed can be determined by using a speedometer, and the time can be measured using a stopwatch or timer.

## 5. Can I use the same equation to calculate power requirements for all types of trucks?

While the basic equation for calculating power requirements for a truck at different speeds can be used for all types of trucks, there may be additional factors that need to be considered for certain types of trucks. For example, a truck carrying a heavy load may require more power to move at a certain speed compared to a truck carrying a lighter load. It is important to consider all relevant factors when calculating power requirements for a specific truck.

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