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How to deal with homogenous differential equation system?

  • Thread starter yeland404
  • Start date
  • #1
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How to deal with homogenous differential equation system??

Homework Statement



s'[t] == (-3 s[t])/580, m'[t] == (-19 m[t])/590,
h'[t] == (3 s[t])/580 + (19 m[t])/590 - (2 h[t])/25,
e'[t] == (2 h[t])/25 - (85 e[t])/116,
o'[t] == (85 e[t])/116 - (33 o[t])/131

Homework Equations



it is a system to clean the Great lake that five lakes linked together

The Attempt at a Solution



and I know that the solution for s and m are 2900*E^(-3 t/580) and 1180*E^(-19 t/590)
as s[0]=2900, m[0]=1180. and h[0]=850, e[0]=116, o[0]=393

I really want someone can tell me any math software can work with this or any way to do it
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
HallsofIvy
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
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Okay, since you were able to solve for s and m, put those into the equation for h and it becomes pretty straight forward. Once you know h, you can put that into the equation for e and then put the solution for e into the equation for o.

Or you can write it as the matrix equation
[tex]\begin{pmatrix}s \\ m \\ h \\ e \\ 0\end{pmatrix}'= \begin{pmatrix}-\frac{3}{580} & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & -\frac{19}{580} & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ \frac{3}{580} & \frac{19}{580} & -\frac{2}{25} & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & \frac{2}{25} & -\frac{85}{116} & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & \frac{85}{116} & -\frac{33}{131}\end{pmatrix}\begin{pmatrix}s \\ m \\ h \\ e \\ 0\end{pmatrix}[/tex]
Since that is a triangular matrix, its eigenvalues are just the numbers on the main diagonal.
 
  • #3
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I know how to do with the X'=AX that x=c1e^λt[u1]....however, what I get is a single equation. I have no idea how to deal with five variables....
 

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