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A How to estimate a spring-mass-damper system's damping ratio?

  1. Apr 4, 2017 #1
    I have constructed a torsional balance, which basically consists of a torsional spring, and a damper. I model this as a spring mass damper system. And it is used to measure thrust of some propulsion system.
    upload_2017-4-5_0-18-23.png

    This is how the system looks like. I am just very eager to find out, how to model the damping ratio from the experiment result I have got. Basically I turn on the thruster , and let it fire for certain duration, and then turn off the thruster. I dont see a good step response here because of the flow variation noises from the thruster, but I do see a perfect decaying oscillation curve after I turn off the thruster. I already have the curve fit equation for this decaying oscillation. What should I do to get its natural frequency and damping ratio? Is the systems oscillation frequency after this thruster firing at its damped frequency?

    upload_2017-4-5_0-22-20.png
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 4, 2017 #2

    Nidum

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    I'm having difficulty understanding what you are doing here . Could you please explain some more about the purpose of your experiments and how that test rig actually works ?
     
  4. Apr 4, 2017 #3
    Look up information on the idea of the log decrement to get the damping data from your measured response.
     
  5. Apr 4, 2017 #4
    Sure. This torsional balance is able to rotate around the pivot axis, and the pivot is basically a torsional spring. Thruster is mounted at one side of the torsional balance and the counterweight is used to balance the two arms to make sure it stays in horizontal plane. When thrust force is exerted, the torsional balance will rotate to a certain angle. When it is at steady state, the angle should be fixed and the torsional restoring moment of the torsional spring will be equal to the moment created by the thrust force. Here, instead of measuring angle displacement, I measure linear displacement because the rotational angle is very small.

    The plot may look confusing. I am sorry about that. It is actually displacement over time plot instead of thrust over time plot. I am trying to find the damping ratio and natural frequency of the system using the oscillating waves after thruster firing.
    upload_2017-4-5_9-42-14.png
    Hope this clarifies.
     
  6. Apr 4, 2017 #5
    Thank you! I am looking it up, seems useful!
     
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