# Incidence, Refraction, Critical Angle

#### Air

1. Homework Statement
Travellers in hot places often think that they see water in the distance, when there is nothing but land there. This effect is called a mirage. The air near the ground is very hot, and light reflects off the top of this layer of hot air. The diagram below shows how you could demonstrate the effect in a laboratory. On the diagram, draw appropriate normals and mark:
• An angle of incidence, labelled I,
• An angle of refraction, labelled R, and
• An angle labelled G which you know is greater than the critical angle.

2. The attempt at a solution ^ Is it correct?

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#### Hootenanny

Staff Emeritus
Gold Member
1. Homework Statement
Travellers in hot places often think that they see water in the distance, when there is nothing but land there. This effect is called a mirage. The air near the ground is very hot, and light reflects off the top of this layer of hot air. The diagram below shows how you could demonstrate the effect in a laboratory. On the diagram, draw appropriate normals and mark:
• An angle of incidence, labelled I,
• An angle of refraction, labelled R, and
• An angle labelled G which you know is greater than the critical angle.

2. The attempt at a solution ^ Is it correct?
Looks good to me #### Air

I was confused if G was just as the ray left the glass block. So, it is correct, that it occurs during total internal reflection?

#### Hootenanny

Staff Emeritus
Gold Member
I was confused if G was just as the ray left the glass block. So, it is correct, that it occurs during total internal reflection?
I'm sorry I'm not sure what you mean. You know that G must be greater than the critical angle because TIR occurs.

#### Air

So, is G the angle of incidence for total internal reflection to occur.

Isn't critical angle when incident angle equal reflected angle? #### Hootenanny

Staff Emeritus
Gold Member
So, is G the angle of incidence for total internal reflection to occur.

Isn't critical angle when incident angle equal reflected angle? No, all you can conclude from the diagram is that G is greater than the critical angle since we have TIR. Furthermore, the incident angle is always equal to the reflected angle.

#### Air

If I drew G on the other side of the normal inside the glass block (where total internal reflection occurs), would that have been correct too? Or, is it always the angle from the normal line when it is incident ray?

Staff Emeritus