# Integration using residu theorem

## Homework Statement

Solve
$$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{x^2}{(x^2+1)(x^2+4)} dx$$
works here
http://www.codecogs.com/latex/eqneditor.php

using residues

## The Attempt at a Solution

Can I use residues here?
The contour intergral will be a quarter of a circle in the first quadrant and lines along the positive x- and y- axis of

$$\frac{z^2}{(z+i)(z-i)(x+2i)(z-2i)}$$

But can I use Cauchy's Residue Theorem when I get divide by 0 in the contour? i and 2i is on the contour.

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CompuChip
Homework Helper
Would it help if I noticed that
$$\int_0^{\infty} \frac{x^2}{(x^2+1)(x^2+4)} \, \mathrm dx = \frac12 \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{x^2}{(x^2+1)(x^2+4)} \, \mathrm dx$$
?

Thanks, that solved the problem
$$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{x^2}{(x^2+1)(x^2+4)} dx$$
=
$$0.5*2*\pi*i*(res(i) + res(2i)) = \pi*i*(\frac{-1}{6i} +\frac{1}{3i}) = \frac{\pi}{6}$$

CompuChip
Homework Helper
Exactly, well done.

(Of course, you would still have to prove that the identity I stated is actually true, and describe which contour you will choose. Thanks

The identity is true because f(x) = f(-x) so the integral from 0 to infinity is half the integral of f from -infinity to infinity.

I'm using the contour with a half circle in the first and second quadrant with center in (0,0) and radius i equal infinity and the contour along the x-axis from -infinity to infinity.

CompuChip
Homework Helper
Ah, so you mean that you are calculating the limit of $R \to \infty$ of
$$\int_{-R}^R \frac{z^2}{(z^2+1)(z^2+4)} dz + \int_{C_R} \frac{z^2}{(z^2+1)(z^2+4)} dz$$

where $C_R: [0, \pi] \to \mathbf{C}, t \mapsto = R e^{i t}$ is a half-circle of radius R.

And you claim that this is equal to the original integral, that is: the second part, which you added to close the contour, does not contribute.

Provided that you all did write this down, just didn't type it out, and proved the claim, I agree :-)

(Sorry for being so annoying Yes
$$\int_0^{\infty} \frac{x^2}{(x^2+1)(x^2+4)} \, \mathrm dx = \frac12 \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{x^2}{(x^2+1)(x^2+4)} \, \mathrm dx$$ = $$0.5* \int_{C_1} \frac{z^2}{(z^2+1)(z^2+4)} dz - 0.5* \int_{C_2} \frac{z^2}{(z^2+1)(z^2+4)}$$

where C_1 is the closed half circle with radius infinity and C_2 is the open half circle with radius infinity.

The C_1 integral is given by Cauchy's Residue Theorem and the C_2 integral is equal to zero.

Thanks for taking the time to help me