Homework Help: Is e field equal to the negative derivative of electric potential?

1. Sep 14, 2011

pyroknife

Since V is the integral of -E. Shouldn't E be derivative of -V. I asked my TA that and he said something about them not having that kind of a relationship, can someone explain this?

2. Sep 14, 2011

kuruman

You need to sharpen your thinking. The electric field is a vector, so to specify it you need to specify its three components. These are

$E_{x}=-\frac{\partial V}{\partial x}$; $E_{y}=-\frac{\partial V}{\partial y};$$E_{z}=-\frac{\partial V}{\partial z}$

3. Sep 14, 2011

pyroknife

Doesn't that just mean E is the negative derivative of V tho?

4. Sep 14, 2011

kuruman

It means that the x component of E is the negative derivative of V with respect to x
and that the y component of E is the negative derivative of V with respect to y
and that the z component of E is the negative derivative of V with respect to z.

5. Sep 14, 2011

pyroknife

ah okay thanks