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- Homework Statement
- in every d.c motor, is it always the case that the current at coil "a" is flowing into the plane and current at coil "d" is flowing out of the plane?

- Relevant Equations
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^because in my textbook, the set up doesn't even show the direction of dot/cross at points A/D, so we won't know the direction of current. then how are we supposed to use fleming's left hand rule to determine the direction of force?