No, it's not defined that way. Since Z is a ring (but not a field), Z[sqrt(2)] is defined as "the smallest ring containing all of Z and sqrt(2)".
Your question really is- can that be expressed as {a+ b(sqrt(2))| a,b in Z}.
To answer that question, you have to see if it is a ring. Certainly, since rings are closed under multiplication, it must contain b(sqrt(2)) for any integer b. Since rings are closed under addition, it must also contain any number of the form a+ b(sqrt(2)). Is that enough? Is this closed under addition? Is it closed under multiplication? Since the commutative, associative and distributive laws are true for all real numbers and this set is clearly a subset of the real numbers, you don't need to show those separately.