# Jumping inside a moving train

• Tachyon son
In summary, the conversation discusses the concept of motion on a moving train and how it affects objects and individuals. The group considers various physical laws, such as Newton's first law, to explain why jumping inside a moving train causes one to land in the same place. They also discuss the scenario of a bug entering a car while it is moving at a high speed and the potential factors that could affect its trajectory. The conversation ends with a question about whether the same laws would apply if someone were on top of the train instead of inside it.
Tachyon son
Why when you jump inside a moving train you land exactly in the same place, instead of landing closer to the tail of the train?

I know it a stupid question but I am not able to find what physical law applies in this case.

Has it something to do with momentum cancellation? (I remember the question about firing a bullet backwards at 1km/sec on a train going forward at the same speed)

Tachyon son said:
Why when you jump inside a moving train you land exactly in the same place, instead of landing closer to the tail of the train?

I know it a stupid question but I am not able to find what physical law applies in this case.

Has it something to do with momentum cancellation? (I remember the question about firing a bullet backwards at 1km/sec on a train going forward at the same speed)

you move with the train, then you jump, your body still moves with the train regardless of the disconnection between you and the train, and you will land on the exact same point on the train since you and the train did the same distance while you've been disconnected...

all that is in the reference to the ground the train is moving on.

usually, i would explain it otherwise, but those new to this concept always refer motion to the ground...

How come when the train stops suddenly you go flying forward?

billiards said:
How come when the train stops suddenly you go flying forward?
Again: Newton's 1st law. (The train stops, but you keep moving.)

But if the train is accelerating, when I am in the air after jumping, will I land in the same place?

But if the train is accelerating, when I am in the air after jumping, will I land in the same place?
What do you think?

I think I will land somewhere backwards, there's no force acting on me so the train during that time is traveling faster than me. But I could be wrong, that is why I asked.

I think I will land somewhere backwards, there's no force acting on me so the train during that time is traveling faster than me. But I could be wrong, that is why I asked.
Indeed you are correct. If the train is accelerating, the frictional force between your shoes are the floor is providing the force required to accelerate you at the same rate as the train. As soon as you leave the floor this force no longer exists, therefore the train is accelerating and you are not (from the reference frame of the tracks of course). If we assume that the train is accelerating uniformly at a rate of a m/s2; we can say that if you are in the air for t seconds, that you will land s meters from your initial position (on the train) such that;

$$s =-\frac{1}{2}at^2$$

I am trying to prove that a bug can come into your window while you are driving
at 60 mph and hit you. Is there a physical law to explain this as a
fact?

Pretty straightforward.
The bug had a velocity relative to the ground of between 0 and 5mph.
You had a velocity of 60 mph.

mmmPOW!

Seriously, the folly here is to use the jumping passenger on a train as an analogy. They're not the same.

That the bug was stationary wrt ground, not wrt your car. As it enters your car window, it does not instantly accelerate to the speed of the car. Thus, when it hits you in the face, it is with a relative v of ~60mph.

Thank you, and I did understand that they were two different scenarios...just thought that the subject was similar enough to find an answer among the participants. More specifically though, would there be an angle of entrance imperative as the difference in speed was so drastically different? Would the draft created by the vehicle come into play? Playing devil's advocate, would it not more likely pass by the vehicle rather than enter it?

i would imagine it would be hard for the bug to enter the car since the air inside would have a higher velocity wrt the air outside and effectively be like a wall, similar to if u use a leaf blower to blow a tennis ball in the air, it stays relitively in the same place and doesn't fall out of the airflow to the side. however wrt the angle of enterance i would say it almost certainly sould have to be normal to the car since, 60mph~27.78m/s and therefore if the window is 45cm long it would have ~ 0.016s to fly in the window assuming the velocity of the bug is << that of the car and therefore if it flew alongside te car it wouldn't increase the tme by much

So, an open window at 60mph DOESN"T cause a roaring wind inside the car? Window up, window down makes NEGLIGIBLE difference to the air flow inside the car?

Where would you say all that air is coming from? If one of those bits of air happened to have a bug in it, what would you feel then?

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If you was on top of the train with very little wind would the same laws apply as being inside the train?

Hi,

you didn't mention which way the train does move. As for my experience you will not land on the same place when the train moves, but closer to the tail as the train moves forward.

Steve

That 'experience', however, would involve air resistance if the train was moving fast enough for relative motion to be noticeable (unless there was a tail-wind that matched the train's speed).

Steve Miller said:
Hi,

you didn't mention which way the train does move. As for my experience you will not land on the same place when the train moves, but closer to the tail as the train moves forward.

Steve
And if you were inside the carriage it would depend (as Doc Al said) on if the train were accelerating, or traveling up an incline.

Hello!

I'm sorry Gentlemen, I find your attitude a bit nit-picking. As I went to bed yesterday
I kept thinking about the thread and as it was put to the forum by the thread starter.

Sure one has to scrutinize the according situations carefully. But after all, if that train
consists from flat panel wagons, you could jump on easily, then you would be landing
on a position more towards the back of the train depending on the trains speed while
moving forward. In my mind this was without no doubt. Let us assume all the other
conditions are approaching the same each time.

It is by the way a very complex situation and therefore hard to measure at all. But if
the wagon would pass a specific (same ) point where a signal would be set off
making you jump, the landing position will be further to the trains tail the faster the
train moves.

Steve

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Hello, Steve;
Welcome to PF. With no offense intended, your post makes absolutely no sense. Could you possibly express it in other terms that we might understand?

Hello!

I'm sorry? I think my post makes sense, and the post was to understand well.

I'm not new to the Forum ( I have been banned before for no reason as I claim. )
Thank you for welcoming me anyway.What I can add was, the train might go so fast as you will miss him at all. You know,
you jump and it was going so fast you hit the tracks after him. But the tracks are allways
a good sign there was a train, you know. The traces are still visible. (A joke from tv. You
might know it. )

Steve

Last edited:
Steve Miller said:
Sure one has to scrutinize the according situations carefully. But after all, if that train
consists from flat panel wagons, you could jump on easily, then you would be landing
on a position more towards the back of the train depending on the trains speed while
moving forward. In my mind this was without no doubt. Let us assume all the other
conditions are approaching the same each time.
You are talking about standing by the tracks and jumping onto a moving train as it goes by. But that's not what the original post was asking about. Reread it.

Good evening Doc Al!

I did.

Steve

Yeah, I caught on to what you meant after you responded to my question. Again, I meant no offence; I suspect that English is not your first language, so there is some terminology that doesn't quite jibe with the way we express things. Our discussion involves already being on the train, then jumping up and down.

Steve miller:
You are reading OP's post as saying "jumping INTO (or onto)" a train, rather than "jumping INSIDE" a train.

Hello!

Oh, than your're right. My fault. Sorry.

Steve

Not a problem; as I said, language ambiguities are fairly common here with those who don't normally communicate in English. My response involving air resistance, for example, was specifically aimed at the preceding question about jumping up and down on top of a train as opposed to inside of one.

Not a problem; as I said, language ambiguities are fairly common here with those who don't normally communicate in English.
And many times with those who normally do!

## What is the physics behind jumping inside a moving train?

When a person jumps inside a moving train, they are essentially changing their velocity relative to the train. This creates a force that can be explained by Newton's laws of motion. The person's initial velocity is combined with the train's velocity, resulting in a new velocity and direction. This change in velocity is what allows the person to successfully jump inside the moving train.

## Is it safe to jump inside a moving train?

Jumping inside a moving train can be dangerous and should only be done with extreme caution. The change in velocity can cause the person to lose balance and potentially fall or collide with objects inside the train. It is important to assess the train's speed and stability before attempting to jump and to always hold onto something for support.

## How does the speed of the train affect jumping inside?

The speed of the train plays a significant role in jumping inside a moving train. The higher the speed of the train, the greater the change in velocity when the person jumps. This means that the person will experience a stronger force and will need to adjust their jump accordingly. It is important to consider the speed of the train when attempting to jump inside.

## What happens if someone jumps inside a train that is accelerating or decelerating?

If a person jumps inside a train that is accelerating or decelerating, the change in velocity will be even greater. This can make it more difficult to maintain balance and control while jumping. It is important to take this into account and adjust the jump accordingly to ensure safety.

## Can jumping inside a moving train have any impact on the train's movement?

Yes, jumping inside a moving train can have a small impact on the train's movement. This is due to the law of conservation of momentum, which states that the total momentum of a closed system remains constant. When a person jumps inside a moving train, their momentum is transferred to the train, causing a slight change in its movement. However, this impact is usually negligible and does not significantly affect the train's overall movement.

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