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Kinetic Energy and Uncertainty Principle

  • #1

Homework Statement


A proton is confined in a uranium nucleus of radius 7.43 fm. Determine the proton’s minimum kinetic energy K ≥ ∆K according to the uncertainty principle if the proton is well approximated by a Gaussian wave packet confined by the nuclear diameter.

Homework Equations



[tex]K_{min}\geq\frac{\hbar^2}{2ml^2}[/tex]

[tex]l=2*7.43fm=14.86*10^-15m[/tex]

[tex]m=m_{p}=1.6726*10^-27kg[/tex]

[tex]\hbar=1.0546*10^-34J*s[/tex]


The Attempt at a Solution



I think my problem is that i might be using incorrect equations or i'm messing up with units somewhere. I put in the values above into the first equation and got

[tex]K_{min}\geq\frac{\hbar^2}{2ml^2}=\frac{(1.0546*10^-34J*s)^2}{2*1.6726*10^-27kg*(14.86*10^-15m)^2}=1.5056*10^-14J[/tex]

and my web homework program is telling me the answer is incorrect. can anyone lead me in the correct direction please?
 
Last edited:

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Dick
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
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The uncertainty principle says delta(x)*delta(p)>=hbar/2. Are you missing that factor of 2?
 
  • #3
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291
There's something wrong with the powers of ten. I make the result about 10^-11, not 10^-14. i.e. -68 + 27 + 30 = -11.

[Edited : OK, you could be in the right ballpark ...]
 
Last edited:
  • #4
The uncertainty principle says delta(x)*delta(p)>=hbar/2. Are you missing that factor of 2?
the equation was provided in my book and before i found it in the book i found the relationship between momentum and kinetic energy and put energy in for momentum in delta(x)delta(p)>=hbar/2 and solved for energy and got the same result

There's something wrong with the powers of ten. I make the result about 10^-11, not 10^-14. i.e. -68 + 27 + 30 = -11.
i think that's because the answer is one digit followed by a decimal with powers of ten, but some of the numbers have two digits in my equation and are multiplied by 2, etc.
you might be right though, if anyone wants to check my work more thoroughly... i quite often make simple mistakes with powers ot ten, unit conversions, etc.
 
  • #5
Dick
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
26,258
618
Your formula for K_min does not contain that factor of two.
 

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