# Kinetic Energy of 7.0 kg Bowling Ball Falling from 2.0 m High Shelf

• 21ducks
In summary, the bowling ball has an initial potential energy of 137.2 J before falling from a 2.0 m high shelf. Its final kinetic energy just before hitting the floor will also be 137.2 J. This can be calculated using the equation V^2 = Vo^2 - 2g(change in height) or by solving for velocity using the equations s = v_it + \frac{1}{2}at^2 and v_f = v_i + at.
21ducks
A 7.0 kg bowling ball falls from a 2.0 m high shelf. Just before hitting the floor, what will be its kinetic energy? (g = 9.8 m/s² and assume air resistance is negligible)

a. 14 J
b. 19.6 J
c. 29.4 J
d. 137 J

Now I tried using the normal Kinetic Energy KE equation KE = 1/2mv² but when I plug 7.0 in for mass, and (9.8 m/s²)(2.0m) for velocity and square it, my answer is much larger than any of the choices.

Like 4,705 so I figure I am doing something wrong.

i am guessing there's no initial velocity.
use the equation that has all the knowns and final velocity to find out what the velocity is before hitting the floor.
with that velocity, you can use KE equation.
my answer is one of those and you should get the same
good luck!

There is an easier way to do that.
What happens to all the potential energy that your system has initially when falling?

krnhseya

So am I using the wrong equation? What equation do you mean that has all of the knowns?

<---
I am up for an easier way if there is one. Doesn't all of the potential energy change to kinetic engergy since it is falling and actually moving?

21ducks said:
krnhseya

Doesn't all of the potential energy change to kinetic engergy since it is falling and actually moving?

That's correct. So do you know the equation for gravitational potential energy on earth?
You had the right idea at first I think, but velocity does not equal $$ad$$.

yeah you are on right track and the equation that i was talking about is...

V^2 = Vo^2 - 2g(change in height)

that will get you V and you can use KE.

I think I found it in my book. Is it PE = mgy ?

y = 0 right since it is the ground? But won't that just make potential energy equal to 0? I guess I am still a little confused. Thanks for all the help though.

PE = mgh

you are asked to find KE before it hits the ground so you are looking for PE at initial so y (or h) is NOT 0 ;)

increase in PE, decrease in KE
increase in KE, decrease in PE

Okay so PE = 137.2 right. Now that I know the PE how do I use the equation you mentioned above to obtain the KE?

The one I am referring to is: V^2 = Vo^2 - 2g(change in height)?

21ducks said:
Okay so PE = 137.2 right. Now that I know the PE how do I use the equation you mentioned above to obtain the KE?

The one I am referring to is: V^2 = Vo^2 - 2g(change in height)?

yeah you get the samething at the end.

So are you saying that the PE = KE? Which would mean KE = 137.2?

Just out of curiosity if that is so, what does Vo^2 = ?

Yes, in the end your initial potential energy will equal your final kinetic energy.

And if you want to find $$v_f$$ now, you need only to solve for it in your kinetic energy equation, but you can still just use the equation krnhseya posted.

$$v_f^2 = v_i^2 + 2a\Delta{y}$$

Alternatively you could also get velocity by solving using,
$$s = v_it + \frac{1}{2}at^2$$
$$v_f = v_i + at$$

## 1. What is the formula for calculating kinetic energy?

The formula for calculating kinetic energy is KE = 1/2 * mass * velocity^2. In this case, the mass is 7.0 kg and the velocity is the final velocity of the ball after falling from the shelf.

## 2. How do you determine the velocity of the bowling ball after falling from a shelf?

The velocity of the bowling ball can be calculated using the formula v = √(2gh), where g is the acceleration due to gravity (9.8 m/s^2) and h is the height from which the ball is dropped (in this case, 2.0 m).

## 3. What is the unit of measurement for kinetic energy?

The unit of measurement for kinetic energy is Joules (J).

## 4. Is kinetic energy affected by the mass of the object?

Yes, kinetic energy is directly proportional to the mass of the object. This means that as the mass increases, the kinetic energy also increases.

## 5. What happens to the kinetic energy of the bowling ball as it falls from the shelf?

The kinetic energy of the bowling ball increases as it falls from the shelf due to the conversion of potential energy (stored energy due to its position) into kinetic energy (energy of motion).

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