In my circuit analysis textbook, there is an example problem using a KVL loop. Though it seems relatively simple, I cannot understand the answer. the loop consists of 3 voltages: -8, 12, and the unknown, Vr2. The polarities (clockwise) around the loop are respectively +,-,+. The answer given is 4V for Vr2. I can see this being the case if the 8 wasn't negative, but if I apply algebra, the equation comes out as: + (-8) - (12) + Vr2 = 0 where Vr2 = 20 Am I treating the -8 wrong? Because if it were positive 8, I could understand Vr2 being 4, however, I am given to understand negative voltage is different from positive voltage.