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Magnetic Field due to Time Dependent Current

  1. Apr 2, 2014 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A long, straight, copper wire has a circular cross section with radius R, resistivity p and permittivity ε. If the current through the wire at any time t is sin(ωt) amperes, find the magnitude of the magnetic field B at time t a distance r from the centre of the wire for r > R.


    2. Relevant equations
    Ampere's Law:
    μI = Bdl
    Possibly Law of Biot-Savart:
    B = μ/4π * (Idl x r)/r^2

    3. The attempt at a solution
    μI = Bdl
    μ(sin(ωt))=B*dl (Since they are parallel)
    μ(sin(ωt))=Bdl (Since B is constant radially around conductor)

    This is where I reach a bottleneck. I don't know how to incorporate ε (since this is a magnetic field). I assume resistivity would be used in calculating the current I, but I don't know how that ties into the sinusoidal function.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 6, 2014 #2

    BruceW

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    maybe you don't need to use ##\epsilon## and ##\rho##. Also, you have already used a certain kind of assumption about ##\epsilon## and ##\rho## to get your answer. So maybe the question is hoping that you will explicitly state this assumption about ##\epsilon## and ##\rho##.

    Your answer is essentially a kind of quasi-static approximation. (Not the most general answer for this question). But you have implicitly used the fact that copper is a good conductor, and assumed a certain relationship between ##\omega##, ##\epsilon## and ##\rho##. I'm not sure if that was your deliberate intention, or if you missed a few steps. But I think you have the answer they were looking for, but maybe without explaining under what approximation this answer will work.
     
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