1. Limited time only! Sign up for a free 30min personal tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Mass on a vertical string - Conservation of Energy Problem

  1. Oct 14, 2009 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    https://wug-s.physics.uiuc.edu/cgi/courses/shell/common/showme.pl?cc/DuPage/phys2111/fall/homework/Ch-08-GPE-ME/mass_vertical_spring/7.gif [Broken]

    A spring with spring constant k = 45 N/m and unstretched length of L0 is attached to the ceiling. A block of mass m = 1.5 kg is hung gently on the end of the spring.

    a) How far does the spring stretch? Answer = 0.327m

    Now the block is pulled down until the total amount the spring is stretched is twice the amount found in part (a). The block is then pushed upward with an initial speed vi = 2 m/s.

    b) What is the maximum speed of the block? <---this one Im not sure of.

    2. Relevant equations

    0.5*m*v^2 = Ke
    0.5*k*x^2 = K(spring)
    U + K = Uo + Ko

    3. The attempt at a solution

    0.5*m*v(final)^2 = 0.5*m*v(initial)^2 + 0.5*k*x^2

    for v I got 4.1 m/s. But the answer is incorrect. Any ideas where I went wrong?
     
    Last edited by a moderator: May 4, 2017
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 14, 2009 #2

    kuruman

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    Your method for (b) is correct. At first I did what you did and got the same numbers as you. Then I reread the problem carefully. It is not very clear, but when it says "the block is pulled down until the total amount the spring is stretched is twice the amount found in part (a)", it means the spring is stretched from the unstretched position by twice the amount not from the new equilibrium by twice the amount. Try it.
     
  4. Oct 15, 2009 #3
    Ah, ok so what I want to find is the length (L) of the relaxed spring with no force applied to it?
     
  5. Oct 15, 2009 #4

    kuruman

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    You don't need to find that, in fact you can't find that. All I'm saying is that the x in your last equation should be 0.327 m not 2*0.327 m. It represents the displacement from equilibrium when the mass is hanging and that is 0.327 m.
     
  6. Oct 15, 2009 #5
    Ah, ok I had to read that a few times to understand it. That question is rather confusing, but I think i now see why its not twice the distance. Again, thanks for the help I truly appreciate the guidance!
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook




Similar Discussions: Mass on a vertical string - Conservation of Energy Problem
Loading...