1. Limited time only! Sign up for a free 30min personal tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Matter @ speed of light and e=mc^2

  1. Mar 4, 2009 #1
    I seem to have read that matter can't be accellerated to the speed of a photon because it would take an infinite amount of energy. But it seems that mc^2 = E means that matter can be transformed to E (and doesn't E move at the speed of light?)
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 4, 2009 #2

    ZapperZ

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Education Advisor
    2016 Award

    But when that matter has been transformed into "energy", it is no longer identical to that matter and it can do whatever an "energy" can do.

    When you tranform $10 into a sandwhich, you can now eat that sandwich. Does this mean that your $10 bill can also be eaten like that sandwich? How tasty is that? Probably if you drown it in a lot of ketchup.

    Zz.
     
  4. Mar 4, 2009 #3
    When you tranform $10 into a sandwhich,


    But, I thought the rule was that you'd have to have an infiinte amount of money to catch the sandwich. Maybe, you could hand over the $10 at the exact same time as you ate.
     
  5. Mar 4, 2009 #4
    In the transformation of mass to energy, you have to conserve both energy and momentum (and quantum numbers). Consider an electron in a piece of aluminum. Stop a positron in it. It will find an electron and both masses will be converted to pure energy; two 511 keV photons. So here both energy and momentum are conserved.
     
  6. Mar 4, 2009 #5

    ZapperZ

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Education Advisor
    2016 Award

    You are not interesting in figuring out on what is wrong with your "logic", are you?

    Zz.
     
  7. Mar 4, 2009 #6
    When a light beam passes through a clear glass disk with index of refraction n, the velocity of the photons in the glass are reduced to a value v = c/n, or about 2/3 the velocity of light. When a proton from the Fermilab Tevatron, with an energy equal to about 1000 proton rest masses and speed nearly the speed of light, passes through the glass, its velocity would be nearly 1.5 times the velocity of the photons. So matter can travel faster than the speed of light, but not in a vacuum.
     
    Last edited: Mar 4, 2009
  8. Mar 5, 2009 #7
    No, the total mass doesn't change. See related threads.
     
  9. Mar 5, 2009 #8

    Nabeshin

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor

    Pretty sure he means rest mass...
     
  10. Mar 5, 2009 #9
    ...me too.
    I'm not joking, see related threads. For example, post #45 of this thread:
    https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=289508&page=3
    The two photons in the example used by Bob S don't move in the same direction(*), so their mass (the mass of the two photon's system) is different than zero.

    (*)In the thread cited in the link jtbell talks about two photons moving in opposite directions, but the result is the same, because in another frame of reference they moves at another angle; what counts is the fact that they don't move in the same exact direction.
     
    Last edited: Mar 5, 2009
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook




Similar Discussions: Matter @ speed of light and e=mc^2
  1. E=mc^2 matter to energy (Replies: 10)

  2. Meaning of E=mc^2 (Replies: 5)

  3. Playing with E=MC^2 (Replies: 3)

  4. E=MC^2 Question (Replies: 2)

Loading...