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In a problem from Hartle's Gravity, we are asked to express the line element in non-Cartesian coordinates u, v which are defined with respect to x, y. I have no problem getting the new expression for the line element, but then we are asked if the new coordinate curves intersect at right angles, and the solution says they do because there are no cross terms, du * dv. What is the logic here?
I've taken vector calculus, and try as I might I cannot seem to figure out why the absence of such terms indicates the curves intersect at right angles. I think I might be a little confused since I am interpreting du and dv as scalar values.
I've taken vector calculus, and try as I might I cannot seem to figure out why the absence of such terms indicates the curves intersect at right angles. I think I might be a little confused since I am interpreting du and dv as scalar values.