Methyl 2 hydroxybenzoate hydrogen bonding

In summary, the question is asking about the number of hydrogen bonds that methyl 2-hydroxybenzoate can form with molecules of the same compound. There is a hydroxyl group and a double-bonded oxygen with two lone pairs, suggesting the potential for two hydrogen bonds. However, this may vary depending on intermolecular and intramolecular bonding. Suggestions for determining the number of groups and checking conjectures are also given.
  • #1
Zayn
9
0

Homework Statement



How many hydrogen bonds can methyl 2-hydroxybenzoate form with molecules of the same compind?

Homework Equations



N/A

The Attempt at a Solution



There's a hydroxyl group on the second carbon of the benzene ring and a double-bonded oxygen with 2(3?) lone pairs, so I'm thinking that it would form 2 hydrogen bonds, but I'm not sure. Thanks in advance!
 
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  • #2
How many groups are involved in one hydrogen bond?

Have you tried to write plausible structures?

Would you know how to check your conjectures?
 
  • #3
Molecules of same compound...? So Inter molecular H-bonding. Also remember that there are intra molecular H-bonds possible.
 

Related to Methyl 2 hydroxybenzoate hydrogen bonding

What is Methyl 2 hydroxybenzoate?

Methyl 2 hydroxybenzoate is a chemical compound with the formula C8H8O3. It is commonly used as a preservative in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and food products.

What is hydrogen bonding?

Hydrogen bonding is a type of intermolecular force that occurs between a hydrogen atom bonded to an electronegative atom (such as oxygen or nitrogen) and another electronegative atom in a different molecule. It is a relatively weak bond, but plays an important role in many biological and chemical processes.

How does Methyl 2 hydroxybenzoate participate in hydrogen bonding?

Methyl 2 hydroxybenzoate contains two hydrogen bond acceptors (the carbonyl oxygen and the hydroxyl group) and one hydrogen bond donor (the hydroxyl group). This allows it to form hydrogen bonds with other molecules that have complementary hydrogen bond donors and acceptors.

What is the importance of hydrogen bonding in Methyl 2 hydroxybenzoate?

Hydrogen bonding in Methyl 2 hydroxybenzoate allows it to form strong intermolecular interactions with other molecules, which can affect its physical and chemical properties. For example, it may increase its solubility in water or its melting point.

How does hydrogen bonding affect the function of Methyl 2 hydroxybenzoate as a preservative?

The hydrogen bonding interactions in Methyl 2 hydroxybenzoate can contribute to its ability to inhibit the growth of microorganisms in cosmetic and food products. This is because hydrogen bonds can help to stabilize the structure of proteins and enzymes in these organisms, leading to their denaturation and ultimately, their death.

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