# What is Bonding: Definition and 196 Discussions

Bonding (stylized as BONDiNG) is an American dark comedy streaming television series that premiered on Netflix on April 24, 2019. The series stars Zoe Levin, Brendan Scannell, Micah Stock, Theo Stockman, and Nana Mensah. On January 16, 2020, the series was renewed for a second season which was released on Netflix on January 27, 2021.Bonding is reported to be loosely based on the personal experience of creator Rightor Doyle.

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1. ### Engineering Calculate the bonding energy of two ions

1.) So first I differentiate and set it equal to 0 and get: $$\frac{A}{r^2} -\frac{Bn}{r^{n-1}} = 0$$ 2.) When solving for r, I'm not quite sure how to take away the exponent so I get up to the second to last step: $$r^{n-3} = \frac{Bn}{A}$$ Would it be: $$r = \sqrt[n-3]{\frac{Bn}{A}}$$ ...
2. ### [Quantum Chemistry] Generalized wave function in covalent bonding

Is there a general expression for the wave function $\psi$, which describes the electronic properties of an arbitrary covalent bond? For example is it equal to some sort of trigonometric expression?
3. ### Which diagram of water molecules is correct?

I've seen both types of diagrams when drawing covalent dot and cross diagrams. And some students that I teach said that the electrons should be on the circles. But I do know that this is actually showing the electron overlap and electron field and in reality electrons are not in circular orbits...
4. ### Ionic bonding question about "double" ionic bonds

Is a "double" ionic bond (the transfer of two electrons) like in MgO any stronger (or really any different, structurally etc.) than a "single" ionic bond (the transfer of one electron) like in NaCl?
5. ### I Explaining atoms and bonding using entropy

I am a biology undergraduate interested in abiogenesis. The entropic explanation for the origin of life is that life is allowed to exist because it increases universal entropy. I am curious about how far we can take this theory down. How can you explain the emergence of atoms and atomic...
6. ### B Why don't solids always stick together?

Hi all, Something I've been wondering - why don't two solid surfaces always stick together when touching each other? As far as I'm aware there are five basic types of solids: Atomic solids: Frozen noble gases containing single atoms held together by London dispersion forces. Molecular...
7. ### Hydrogen bonding preference in acids

I can't figure out why hydrogen is more likely to bond to either the nitrogen or to the sulphur atom. I can't locate any information in any textbooks or online as to which molecule is more prevalent/common. This is not a homework question. I just came across one of these molecules and wondered...
8. ### Chemistry Understanding Bonding Energy in Water for Electrolysis Calculations

Hello everyone, I'm just doing a bit of review of math to be used in electrolysis calculations. From the reference: https://www.ccmr.cornell.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2015/11/Saucedo_Skyler_splitting-water-with-electricity.pdf the result for r12 on page 4, the author has 1.5 * 10e-11 m...
9. ### Why do antibonding orbitals have more energy than bonding orbitals?

Suppose their are two electrons which are out of phase and they interact to create node due to which those electrons will be automatically present in anti bonding molecular orbital but we say antibonding molecular orbital have high energy...now there problem is that if their is no energy...
10. ### Chemistry Calculating the bonding energy between two ions

I seem to be having problems with part two in general, but here's my solution. Attractive force: ##F_{A}=\dfrac {k\left( 2\right) \left( -2\right) }{r^{2}}=\dfrac {-4k}{r^{2}} ## ##E_{A}=-\int ^{r}_{\infty }F_{A}\cdot dr ## ##\begin{aligned}E_{A}=\int ^{r}_{\infty }\dfrac {4k}{r^{2}}dr\\...
11. ### Q: What is the role of antibonding orbitals in CO bonding with metals?

Q：Which atom of CO molecule will bond with Fe in hemoglobin? discuss in MO diagram and theory. A : Because the antibonding molecular orbitals have more carbon character (carbon is less electronegative than oxygen), one would expect the bond to form through carbon. please tell me. Why we have...
12. ### I Would distinguishable particles experience bonding?

The book explains covalent bonding is due to exchange forces of attraction, which isn't a real force but the last term in [5.22]. This term arises due to electrons being indistinguishable particles. If electrons were distinguishable, there would be no exchange forces. Then, would there still be...
13. ### Hydrogen bonding in human skin

if the human skin consists of hydrogen, then why does not happen hydrogen bond through contact with something or with another person?
14. ### Does the Potential Energy increase during Chemical Bonding?

Hi All, The Potential Energy for two chemically bonding atoms is defined by ,U=1/2(k*q1*q2)/r So it means that when the atoms approach each other then, their Potential Energy will increase. Where am I doing wrong? I will be thankful for help!
15. ### Chemical bonding during touching

there is some chemical bond between the skin of one person and another during touching?
16. ### I Chemical Bonding - Wave function

https://ps.uci.edu/~cyu/p224/LectureNotes/lecture7/lecture7html/ Does NaCl have a wavefunction? If so, is it entangled?
17. ### Most Accepted Theory For Covalent Bonding

Alright guys...for the past month and a half my chemistry class consisted on lectures on chemical bonding. From the days of Kossel and Lewis To modern concepts of VSEPR,Hybridisation and Molecular orbital theory. According to Wikipedia they say the two basic models based on quantum mechanics...
18. ### A question about ionic bonding

I am sure this question will have been asked elsewhere, so please forgive me if it has. My question involves the transfer of electrons in ionic bonding. We are told that a metal will give up its outer most electron because by doing so it will gain the electron configuration of a noble gas...
19. ### B Can ultracapacitors be used to split CO2 into carbon and oxygen?

I have been researching on the bonding energies of different compounds, and for example, for CO2 it is 1600kJ/mole, 1600kJ/44g, or ~36.37kJ/g of energy required to split the carbon dioxide into carbon and oxygen. Furthermore, I transformed the amount of energy required in kJ to degrees celsius...
20. ### B Why does bonding occur between atoms?

If each electron cloud repels other electrons and other atoms, then why can two or more atoms form molecules? Is it to do with negative and positive charges?
21. ### Methyl 2 hydroxybenzoate hydrogen bonding

Homework Statement How many hydrogen bonds can methyl 2-hydroxybenzoate form with molecules of the same compind? Homework Equations N/A The Attempt at a Solution There's a hydroxyl group on the second carbon of the benzene ring and a double-bonded oxygen with 2(3?) lone pairs, so I'm...
22. ### How to calculate bonding strength of an adhesive tape

Hello i would like to know how to find out the bond strength of the adhesive tape. The problem is i have a aluminum block of 10 kgs. I want to stick the block on a steel wall with double tape. Now how can i calcualte the bonding force of the bond between the1) tape and wall 2)tape and block
23. ### What does covalent bonding in salts actually look like?

I learned some time ago that in table salt, the valence electron spends only about 2/3 of its life in chlorine, and goes home on the weekends. This still feels weird to me, because every representation of an ionic compound shows the ions as completely separate. So what does the covalent bonding...
24. ### B How and why do electron quantum numbers affect bonding?

Hi, I just have a few questions I'm struggling to find straightforward answers to online. The 4 quantum numbers of an electron in an atom describe the energy level, shape and suborbital of the orbital, and the fourth assigns a value to the electron's spin. Question 1) why is it in lone atoms...
25. ### Covalent bonding - Energy gain

Homework Statement I'm considering a molecule made by three atoms, each a vertex of an equilateral triangle. Each atom has a covalent bond with its neighbours, sharing their only valence electron. I must estimate the energy gain when creating the molecule, using tight binding theory. Homework...
26. ### Bonding and antibonding states of hybridized molecules

Hey there, With covalent bonds, we have bonding and antibonding states. If we now have, let's say sp or sp2 states, doesn't matter, is there an equivalent bonding or antibonding state related to this sp bond ? I mean, why sp states wouldn't have antibonding states like every normal covalent bond ?
27. ### MHB Explaining Copper(2) Oxide Bonding & ECs

Could someone explain the bonding of copper(2) oxide to me? What are each element's EC before and after? i understand the copper has a variable valency and in this case it looses 2 electrons to make the overall charge 0. however i don't understand the electron configurations. coppers EC before...
28. ### B Difference between binding and bonding energy

Hello, I am not sure whether it is the right place to post this but I am a bit confused about the bonding in chemistry and the binding energy in physics. From what I have read, in a nuclear fusion reaction, the released energy due to mass defect is converted to the kinetic energy of the product...
29. ### I Ionic bonding from a quantum mechanics point of view

Hi all, I have a question about the quantum nature of ionic bonds. I know some ideas about molecular bonding which can combine two ground state of H atom to get a bonding state and an anti-bonding state which in the case of H2 molecules it correspond to the covalent bonding (sharing of...
30. ### Electron transfer and oxidation state

When beryllium donates a pair of electrons to oxygen, that's oxidation, and the metal is Be(II). When carbon and oxygen share 6 electrons, 2 from carbon and 4 from oxygen, this is also oxidation. Of carbon. Even though it got more electrons, and even, I heard, has a negative charge. When...
31. ### Do amino-acids spontaneously bond within a cell?

I was wondering whether it is possible for amino acids that end up in a cell (ready to be made into proteins) to spontaneously start to bond in the cytoplasm (or wherever the routing channel is I guess) and create randomly floating short strands of polymers? Furthermore, can it ever happen that...
32. ### Covalent Bonding: How Does H2 Molecule Bond?

Hi, I read in a textbook that covalent bonds are formed when atoms share an electron. The book gave an example of the H2 molecule. I'm having trouble understanding how H2 can still bond when the nuclei and electrons are repelling. Shouldn't that cancel the attraction force between the atoms?
33. ### I The Shrödinger Equation & Hydrogen Molecule Bonding

In the hydrogen molecule ion, one electron is responsible for the covalent bond between the atoms. But is it possible for one single elctron to create two bonds or more? What happens if we solve the Shrödinger equation for 3 protons and 1 electron?
34. ### A Flexibility and chemical bonding

Recently, I have been studying flexible thin film transistor (TFT), so I wonder the relationship between flexibility and chemical bonding. Chemical bondings composed of sp3 orbital, s orbital, which one is more flexible? Which one of amorphous Si film, poly Si film, IGZO film is more flexible...
35. ### Bonding and Deformation exercise

Homework Statement A Titanium alloy hast he following mechanical properties: ultimate tensile strength = 860 MPa, yield stress = 780 MPa, maximum strain = 15%, Young’s Modulus E = 120 000 MPa, density ρ = 4,5 g/cm3. To what percentage can the material be deformed elastically? Plastically? How...
36. ### Induction Heating Process Characterization

Hi All, I'm working on a process involving induction heating. I'm heating up an irregular shape ss die to make a bond. My dilemma is in my understanding of where the eddy currents will be that generate the heat (based on skin effect). The clam shell die is pictured below. The right hand...
37. ### About the Orbital Dipole Moment

I was going through the chapter Chemical Bonding in one of the books and found something about orbital dipole due to lone pairs. In each diagram the orbital dipole due to lone pair was directed from the central atom to the end of the hybridized orbital (lone pair). Why is that so?
38. ### I Why is tetrahedral the most stable?

How do we prove that tetrahedral arrangement is the arrangement which allows 4 points to be maximum apart from each other about a fixed centre, assuming that the points are all symmetrical about the centre. (I am asking in context of the structures of the molecules like CH4, since there the...
39. ### Tight binding model (covalent bonding)

Homework Statement (linear combination of atomic orbitals): Lets consider two atoms which are bond together with a covalent bond. Let's consider any sets of wavefunctions |n\rangle for n=1,2,...,N. Let's call orbital |1\rangle around nucleus 1 and orbital |2\rangle around nucleus 2 and so on...
40. ### Does metallic bonding count as giant structure

Homework Statement Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution I am guessing P is a noble gas and Q is in group I. Therefore A, B, C and E can be canceled out. S is a transition metal. It is a metal lattice structure. But I guess it could be described as a giant structure, so would you say D...
41. ### Electrons energy levels do not change with molecular bonding

So if energy levels, or eV of electrons, do not change with molecular bonding, how are electrons influencing each other.? In glass, when individual atoms of silicon, sodium, and calcium come together, to form glass, the molecular bonding does not change the energy levels of the electrons for...
42. ### I Matter cutting by destabilising of atoms bonding

is there a theoretical way to cut solid mater by disrupting the electron field holding atoms together
43. ### What is the force responsible for bonding between atoms in a covalent molecule?

In a covalent bonded molecule, what is the force responsible for the molecule staying together. To my knowledge it's to do with electrons of opposite spins and being at a lower energy with valence shells filled but what is the force itself that pulls a second atom along if the atom it's bonded...
44. ### Motorcycle Helmet Construction

Hi everybody, I am new in this forum, and i have to say that i am not the best in physics but, i always loved playing with paint, carbon fiber and fiberglass etc... I had an idea of trying to make a Helmet with a science-fiction look ( halo ) and make it legally to wear it ( In thailand ) I...
45. ### How Do Electrons Form a Bond in Covalent Bonding Despite Their Mutual Repulsion?

There's a rule bout unlike charges attract and like charges repel one another. How is it that in chemical bonding like in covalent bonding electrons form a bond or there is attraction from one unto the other. Isn't that ironic?
46. ### Are molecules only held together by Covalent bonds?

Hi there, I'm studying for IGCSE Chemistry and I'm a little confused with Bonding/Molecules. My textbook says: "Molecules are held together by covalent bonds" I'm a little confused by this as I thought a molecule was formed when two or more atoms (same or different elements) join together...
47. ### Van der Waals' Forces and Hydrogen Bonding

Induced dipoles result in Van der Waals' forces and permanent dipoles in hydrogen bonds, right? But how do you know is a compound has formed hydrogen bonds or Van der Waals' forces? For example, HF forms hydrogen bonds while HCl forms Van der Waals' forces and not hydrogen bonds. But in HCl, H...
48. ### Hydrogen bonding in Cytosine and Guanine

Homework Statement The problem was to tell how many hydrogen bonds there are between cytosine and guanine. and I know there are three. http://study.com/cimages/multimages/16/Cytosine_Guanine_base_pair.png But I think I might be misunderstanding the hydrogen bond concept. I thought that hydrogen...
49. ### How Do You Tell When A Compound Will Form A Coordinate Bond?

How can you tell when a compound will form a covalent bond or a coordinate bond? I know that a coordinate bond is a special type of covalent bond and if during covalent bonding, if the elements taking part do not obtain a noble gas configuration, they for coordinate bonds. But take for example...
50. ### Impact of molecular bonding on therm. neutron cross-sections

Hi everyone. Most of what I've read on thermal neutron cross sections talks only about what isotope makes up the neutron target. Likewise, all of the cross sections listed on Sigma: http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/sigma/index.jsp?as=9&lib=endfb7.1&nsub=10 ... are broken down just by isotope. However...