Hi, I'm having a problem with an exercise question on min and max electrical force.

I thought before that for the maximum magnitude, one of the points would have to be 'e' (fundamental unit of charge) and the other to be [tex]Q - e[/tex], since there would be an extreme amount of force exerted on the smaller force. For the minimum magnitude, thought both points would be [tex]\frac{Q}{2}[/tex]. Does this make any sense?
I think that I went the wrong way in figuring this out since it's asking the max magnitude exterted on each other rather than a single point. I asumme that this question requires some calculus. Can anyone give me insight on how to figure this out?
Thank you.

For this problem I don't think that you need to worry about the fundamental charge, just assume a continuously varying charge. If you let the two charges be q1 and q2 then you have Q = q1 + q2 or q2 = Q - q1. Then write the electrostatic force in terms of q1 and q2, and do the substitution. You will have the force in terms of q1. Then find the q1 that maximizes the force.

Remember by Newton's 3rd law the force on q1 is the same magnitude as the force on q2.

[tex]F_{elec} = \frac{1}{4\pi\varepsilon_0}\frac{|q_1||Q-q_1|}{r^2}[/tex]
[tex]\frac{dF_{elec}}{dq_1} = \frac{1}{4\pi\varepsilon_0}\frac{Q+2q_1}{r^2}[/tex]
[tex]\frac{dF_{elec}}{dq_1} = 0 , q_1 = -Q[/tex]
No, this isn't working... I didn't understand what you mean by the substitution. :(

So the magnitude of q1 and q2 remain equal regardless of the charge? Ok... Then with r constant, the maximum magnitude is when the charge approaches infinity? and for the minimum magnitude, the charge approaches 0.

Careful on your math. You did the substitution correctly, but you got a sign error. I don't know if the sign error came because of taking the absolute values. You are given that q1 and q2 are both positive, so you don't need to take the absolute values.

Dang, I got confused with another problem. I thought for a while both points had to have the same charge. :grumpy:

By E you mean the eletrical field?

Since they're positive charges, I gather that neither of them is zero. So that would leave a point with e charge and the other with Q-e charge for the minimum magnitude of force. Is that correct?

By E. Force I meant Electric Force. Not the electric field.

Yes, we found that both points should have the same charge (Q/2) to have maximum electric force. I think that's correct. I was answering your second question.

Because it's not in the set of positive numbers. A neutron (charge = 0) isn't a positive charge.

Thank you for your help (including DaleSpam). That problem has aggravated me for a little while. I did manage to finish to rest of the problems with little difficulty.

For the min: 0 would be the minimum, but that is non-positive, so the minimum will be the smallest possible positive charge. So e is the second answer I think (elemental charge not exp).

I suspect that the question designer meant 0, but just worded the question poorly and said "positive" when they really meant "non-negative". That kind of thing happens all the time.