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Monochromatic Light Through Two Microscope Slides

  1. Dec 9, 2008 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Monochromatic light of wavelength 500nm shines on a pair of identical glass microscope slides that form a very narrow wedge, as shown in the diagram. The top surface of the upper slide and the bottom surface of the lower slide have special coatings on them so that they do not reflect light. The inner surfaces are reflective. The indices of refraction of air and glass are 1.00 and 1.50 respectively. Looking down on the slide from above, you see the fringe pattern shown.
    [​IMG]


    2. Relevant equations
    [tex]\lambda_{D}[/tex]=[tex]\frac{2nd}{m-0.5}[/tex]


    3. The attempt at a solution
    Since the "P" points to the 4th dark fringe,
    m=4
    [tex]\lambda_{D}[/tex]=500nm
    n=1 (as the light is traveling the distance "d" in air)
    d=?

    Isolating for d and solving,
    My answer is 875nm.
    However, the correct answer is 750nm.
    If anyone could help me out I'd really appreciate it.
    Thanks in advanced.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 9, 2008 #2

    Redbelly98

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    Your equation disagrees with the case d=0 at the edge of the slides, where we can say n=0 for the dark fringe that appears there.

    How would you modify your equation in order to explain the dark fringe at the left edge?
     
  4. Dec 9, 2008 #3
    i see.
    [tex]\lambda[/tex]=[tex]\frac{2nd}{m}[/tex]
    if m=0, then d would equal zero

    also, setting P as the 3rd dark fringe, you would get the answer 750nm.

    however, the equation i stated above happens to be the same equation on my formula sheet as for constructive interference (whereas the dark fringes are obviously destructive).

    im assuming for the first dark fringe there is no path length difference, but why does it produce a dark fringe and not a bright spot as my formula predicts?

    thank you
     
  5. Dec 9, 2008 #4

    Redbelly98

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    There is a 180° phase shift for one of the two reflections. This has the same effect as changing the path length difference by ½λ.
    http://theory.uwinnipeg.ca/physics/light/node10.html
     
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