Natural Frequency of a Spring System

  • Thread starter Malby
  • Start date
  • #1
16
0
A mass m is confined to move in a channel in the x-direction and is connected to four identical springs with spring constant k, which are oriented at angles [itex]\phi[/itex] = 45° as shown, if the system is in static equilibrium.

a) Ignoring friction, determine the natural frequency of vibration of the system.
b) What is the natural frequency, if the springs are oriented at equal but arbitrary angles [itex]\phi[/itex]?

[itex]\omega[/itex]n = [itex]\sqrt{\frac{k}{m}}[/itex]

Not quite sure how to go about this one. I figure you need to take a small displacement of the system to the right or less then analyse the forces such that [itex]\Sigma[/itex]F = ma, and then derive the standard form of the spring equation from there.

Any hints would be helpful!

iwIpV.png
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
16
0
I worked through it again and found the natural frequency to be:

sqrt(4k/m)/(2 * Pi).

I basically let the angles on both sides change by phi +/- dphi, and the same with the length L -/+ dL, and with x. If this is the correct answer then I suppose it worked out ok.
 
  • #3
vela
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Education Advisor
15,131
1,725
That's the answer I would expect if Φ=0. It seems odd to me that the frequency doesn't depend on the angle at all. Do you still think that expression is correct?
 
  • #4
16
0
That's the answer I would expect if Φ=0. It seems odd to me that the frequency doesn't depend on the angle at all. Do you still think that expression is correct?

You're right. As [itex]\phi[/itex] goes to 90 degrees, the natural frequency should decrease to 0, as there would be no component of force acting in the x-direction then. It appears as though multiplying by cosine would make this correct, but I don't know where that comes in in the working:

GM6iG.png


In the diagram, the angle on the left is phi + dphi, the angle on the right is phi - dphi.

LYg2O.png
 
  • #5
Redbelly98
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Insights Author
12,133
160
I have spotted two problems here:

1. The problem statement says that x is the mass's displacement from equilibrium. Yet you use δx as the displacement, and x appears to be a constant equal to LcosΦ according to your diagram in Post #4. But wait, you are also using x as a variable, since you are trying to set up a differential equation for it. Use x as the displacement, as stated in the problem, and stay with that definition.

2. A spring exerts a force -k·δL, not -k·(L±δL).
 

Related Threads on Natural Frequency of a Spring System

Replies
7
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
1K
Replies
1
Views
9K
Replies
8
Views
881
  • Last Post
Replies
17
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
0
Views
2K
Replies
19
Views
2K
Replies
1
Views
3K
Replies
7
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
8
Views
2K
Top