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Net magnetic field caused by current from two wires

  1. Mar 17, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    The attached figure shows, in cross section, two long parallel wires that are separated by distance d = 18.6 cm. Each carries 4.34 A, out of the page in wire 1 and into the page in wire 2. In unit-vector notation, what is the net magnetic field at point P at distance R = 34.2 cm, due to the two currents?

    2. Relevant equations

    B = iμo/2∏R

    3. The attempt at a solution

    (1) The magnetic field lines around wire have a counterclockwise direction. The magnetic field lines around wire 2 have a clockwise direction. When the field lines hit point P, those from wire 1 point to the top right while those from wire 2 point to the bottom right.

    (2) Angle a in the diagram is equal to the tan^-1 of 9.3/34.2. Therefore, it = 15.21. This is also the measure of the angle (measured from the x axis) of the tangent of the magnetic field lines at P from both wire 1 and wire 2.

    (3) Bnet = 2[iμo/2∏R] = 4.79 x 10^-6 T.

    (4) However, only the x components of the magnetic fields survive and add. The y components cancel. Therefore, we must multiply the Bnet by cos(15.21), which yields 4.62 x 10^-6 T.

    (5) Because the total net field points to the right, the answer is (4.62 x 10^-6 T)(i hat)

    Is this right? I can't find the answer to this question anywhere. Thanks!
     

    Attached Files:

  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 18, 2012 #2

    Redbelly98

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    You mostly have the right idea, but I found two problems.
    You're correct about angle a, but think more carefully about what angle B makes. It might help to think about a point P2 that is much farther away, where the angle a2 would be very small.

    I get something different, but not far off from what you get for Bnet. What are you using for R? You should include a calculation of R in your work.

    Also it's really not proper to call this Bnet, which would include the cos(15.21) factor you do later on. I recommend not including the factor of 2, and call this a calculation of B due to one wire.

    Mostly right, just rethink about the angle for B, and show your calculation of R.
     
  4. Mar 18, 2012 #3
    Thanks! Is there a method for figuring out the angle B makes? I was fine when it came to finding the correct angles in kinematics, but I consistently choose the wrong angle in magnetism questions. There might be some geometry rule I've forgotten or something.
     
  5. Mar 18, 2012 #4

    Redbelly98

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    The method at play is the basic geometry rules concerning angle measures. Also, realizing that a magnetic field line forms a circle with the wire at the center. That means B (due to wire 1) at point P is at a right angle to the red line in your figure.
     
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