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ODE Hooke's Law, V(x) instead of V(t)

  1. Feb 11, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A 50kg mass is attached to a spring and hung from an overhead beam. The Force on the spring when extended 2 meters from rest is 50N. The resting length of the spring is 1m.

    1) Obtain the ODE to solve for the velocity as a function of position (NOT time)

    2) Solve the ODE if the spring is dropped from it's rest length of 1m


    2. Relevant equations
    F= -kx, F=ma, a(t) = dv/dt, v(t)=dx/dt, F(2) = -50N, V(x0) = 0, x = distance below the overhead beam)


    3. The attempt at a solution

    I am mostly having trouble coming up with an equation to solve. We are specifically forbidden from using second order methods to solve. I know logically that it's a periodic function since the spring oscillated up and down once released. I also know (as per my professor) that the solution v(x) will NOT be a periodic function.

    My attempted equation is: dv/dx = -kx+mg

    I was able to solve that (presumably incorrect) equation and get -k/2m x2 +gx +c

    Am I on the right track or have I completely missed a key concept somewhere.
    Thanks.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 11, 2013 #2
    I think I may have figured it out: If my logic is correct dv/dt = dx/dt*dv/dx. Since I want a solution for v(x), I need to solve the differential with a dv/dx in it. I can get this by substituting v for dx/dt.

    My new ODE looks like this: v * dv/dx = -k/m x +g
    which I then solve by integrating both sides
     
  4. Feb 11, 2013 #3

    SammyS

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    Yes, integrate both sides with respect to x.

    (dv/dx)dx = dv .
     
  5. Feb 12, 2013 #4

    vela

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    Yup, that's the chain rule applied to v(x(t)).
     
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