Organic compounds with a charge

In summary, organic compounds with a charge are molecules that contain both carbon and hydrogen atoms, but also have an additional charge due to other elements such as oxygen or nitrogen. These compounds are essential for many biological processes and can be found in various forms, including amino acids, nucleic acids, and carbohydrates. They play crucial roles in the structure and function of cells, as well as in the transmission of nerve signals and energy production. Organic compounds with a charge can also be artificially synthesized and used in a wide range of industrial and commercial applications.
  • #1
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Why is it that when you have an organic compound with a charge on the C, that charge takes the place of one hydrogen bonded to that C?
 
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  • #2
A carbon atom has a formal charge of zero when it has four bonds. If it has a formal charge of +1, the carbon atom is bonding to three atoms, and is associating with only three electrons. This does not balance the charge of the nucleus, which is always four protons, so the formal charge is +1.

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1. What are organic compounds with a charge?

Organic compounds with a charge are molecules that contain carbon and other elements such as hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, or sulfur, which have a positive or negative charge due to the presence of an ionizable group or functional group.

2. How are organic compounds with a charge formed?

Organic compounds with a charge can be formed through various chemical reactions, such as oxidation, reduction, or acid-base reactions. They can also be synthesized in the laboratory by modifying existing organic molecules.

3. What are some examples of organic compounds with a charge?

Common examples of organic compounds with a charge include carboxylic acids, amines, and amides. Other examples include alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, and esters.

4. What are the properties of organic compounds with a charge?

The properties of organic compounds with a charge depend on the type of functional group present. Generally, they are polar molecules with high melting and boiling points. They also have the ability to form hydrogen bonds, making them soluble in polar solvents.

5. How are organic compounds with a charge used in everyday life?

Organic compounds with a charge are used in various industries, including pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and food production. They are also utilized in household products, such as cleaning agents and personal care products. Additionally, they play a crucial role in biological processes and are essential for the functioning of living organisms.

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