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Our picks for first quarter 2010 MIP (most important QG paper)

  1. Padmanabhan

    46.2%
  2. Bonder Sudarsky

    7.7%
  3. Afshordi

    0 vote(s)
    0.0%
  4. Mielczarek Cailleteau Grain Barrau

    7.7%
  5. Bianchi Rovelli Vidotto

    15.4%
  6. Durka Kowalski-Glikman

    0 vote(s)
    0.0%
  7. Modesto Randono

    15.4%
  8. Barrett Dowdall Fairbairn Gomes Hellmann Pereira

    15.4%
  9. Hossenfelder

    0 vote(s)
    0.0%
  10. Easson Frampton Smoot

    23.1%
  11. Conrady Hnybida

    7.7%
  12. Ashtekar Campiglia Henderson

    0 vote(s)
    0.0%
  13. Smolin

    7.7%
  14. Freidel Speziale

    7.7%
  15. Verlinde

    38.5%
Multiple votes are allowed.
  1. Mar 30, 2010 #1

    marcus

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    Of these fifteen candidates, please indicate the paper or papers which you think will contribute most significantly to future quantum gravity research. Multiple choice is possible in the poll, so please select several if you wish. Newest papers are listed first. In some cases, a pair of related papers has been combined to make one choice.

    Padmanabhan
    Surface Density of Spacetime Degrees of Freedom from Equipartition Law in theories of Gravity
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.5665

    Bonder Sudarsky
    Searching for spacetime granularity: analyzing a concrete experimental setup
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.5245

    Afshordi
    Dark Energy, Black Hole Entropy, and the First Precision Measurement in Quantum Gravity
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.4811

    Mielczarek Cailleteau Grain Barrau
    Inflation in loop quantum cosmology: dynamics and spectrum of gravitational waves
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.4660

    Bianchi Rovelli Vidotto
    Towards Spinfoam Cosmology
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.3483

    Durka Kowalski-Glikman
    Hamiltonian analysis of SO(4,1) constrained BF theory
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.2412

    Modesto Randono
    Entropic corrections to Newton's law
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.1998

    Barrett Dowdall Fairbairn Gomes Hellmann Pereira
    Asymptotics of 4d spin foam models
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.1886

    Hossenfelder
    Comments on and Comments on Comments on Verlinde's paper "On the Origin of Gravity and the Laws of Newton"
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.1015

    Easson Frampton Smoot
    Entropic Accelerating Universe
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1002.4278
    and followup:
    Entropic Inflation
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.1528

    Conrady Hnybida
    A spin foam model for general Lorentzian 4-geometries
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1002.1959
    and followup:
    Spin foams with timelike surfaces
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.5652

    Ashtekar Campiglia Henderson
    Casting Loop Quantum Cosmology in the Spin Foam Paradigm
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1001.5147

    Smolin
    Newtonian gravity in loop quantum gravity
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1001.3668

    Freidel Speziale
    Twisted geometries: A geometric parametrisation of SU(2) phase space
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1001.2748

    Verlinde
    On the Origin of Gravity and the Laws of Newton
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1001.0785
     
    Last edited: Mar 30, 2010
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 30, 2010 #2

    marcus

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    Since multiple choice is possible in the poll, you may wish to check off your top 5. There were a lot of potentially important papers this quarter making it difficult to narrow down to a short list. I'll fetch the abstracts, as a reminder of what each paper is about. BTW many of these were spotted by other PF members and called to our attention either as an item added to the bibliography or in a discussion thread. Special thanks to MTd2, Francesca, and Atyy for keeping us alert to new research output.

    Padmanabhan
    Surface Density of Spacetime Degrees of Freedom from Equipartition Law in theories of Gravity
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.5665
    20 pages
    (Submitted on 29 Mar 2010)
    "I show that the principle of equipartition, applied to area elements of a surface which are in equilibrium at the local Davies-Unruh temperature, allows one to determine the surface number density of the microscopic spacetime degrees of freedom in any diffeomorphism invariant theory of gravity. The entropy associated with these degrees of freedom matches with the Wald entropy for the theory. This result also allows one to attribute an entropy density to the spacetime in a natural manner. The field equations of the theory can then be obtained by extremising this entropy. Moreover, when the microscopic degrees of freedom are in local thermal equilibrium, the spacetime entropy of a bulk region resides on its boundary."

    Bonder Sudarsky
    Searching for spacetime granularity: analyzing a concrete experimental setup
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.5245
    9 pages
    "In this work we show that the spin pendulum techniques developed by the Eöt-Wash group could be used to put very stringent bounds on the free parameters of a Lorentz invariant phenomenological model of quantum gravity. The model is briefly described as well as the experimental setup that we have in mind."

    Afshordi
    Dark Energy, Black Hole Entropy, and the First Precision Measurement in Quantum Gravity
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.4811
    4 pages
    (Submitted on 25 Mar 2010)
    "The two apparently distinct phenomena of dark energy (or late-time cosmic acceleration) and quantum gravity dominate physics on extremely low, and extremely high energies, but do not seem to have any apparent empirical connection. Nevertheless, the two have a theoretical connection, through the cosmological constant problem. I argue that the finite temperature quantum gravitational corrections to black hole entropy yields a pressure for the gravitational vacuum (or gravitational aether). Assuming that the relative corrections are linear in horizon temperature (i.e. are suppressed by one power of Planck energy), the pressure is comparable to that of dark energy for astrophysical black holes. This implies that the observation of late-time cosmic acceleration may have provided us with the first precision measurement of quantum gravity, i.e. that of black hole entropy."

    Mielczarek Cailleteau Grain Barrau
    Inflation in loop quantum cosmology: dynamics and spectrum of gravitational waves
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.4660
    11 pages, 14 figures
    (Submitted on 24 Mar 2010)
    "Loop quantum cosmology provides an efficient framework to study the evolution of the Universe beyond the classical Big Bang paradigm. Due to holonomy corrections, the singularity is replaced by a "bounce". The dynamics of the background is investigated into the details, as a function of the parameters of the model. In particular, the conditions required for inflation to occur are carefully considered and are shown to be generically met. The propagation of gravitational waves is then investigated in this framework. By both numerical and analytical approaches, the primordial tensor power spectrum is computed for a wide range of parameters. Several interesting features could be observationally probed."

    Bianchi Rovelli Vidotto
    Towards Spinfoam Cosmology
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.3483
    8 pages
    "We compute the transition amplitude between coherent quantum-states of geometry peaked on homogeneous isotropic metrics. We use the holomorphic representations of loop quantum gravity and the Kaminski-Kisielowski-Lewandowski generalization of the new vertex, and work at first order in the vertex expansion, second order in the graph (multipole) expansion, and first order in 1/volume. We show that the resulting amplitude is in the kernel of a differential operator whose classical limit is the canonical hamiltonian of a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmology. This result is an indication that the dynamics of loop quantum gravity defined by the new vertex yields the Friedmann equation in the appropriate limit."

    Durka Kowalski-Glikman
    Hamiltonian analysis of SO(4,1) constrained BF theory
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.2412
    9 pages
    "In this paper we discuss canonical analysis of SO(4,1) constrained BF theory. The action of this theory contains topological terms appended by a term that breaks the gauge symmetry down to the Lorentz subgroup SO(3,1). The equations of motion of this theory turn out to be the vacuum Einstein equations. By solving the B field equations one finds that the action of this theory contains not only the standard Einstein-Cartan term, but also the Holst term proportional to the inverse of the Immirzi parameter, as well as a combination of topological invariants. We show that the structure of the constraints of a SO(4,1) constrained BF theory is exactly that of gravity in Holst formulation. We also briefly discuss quantization of the theory."

    Modesto Randono
    Entropic corrections to Newton's law
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.1998
    7 pages, 2 figures
    "It has been known for some time that there is a deep connection between thermodynamics and gravity, with perhaps the most dramatic implication that the Einstein equations can be viewed as a thermodynamic equation of state. Recently Verlinde has proposed a model for gravity with a simple statistical mechanical interpretation that is applicable in the non-relatvistic regime. After critically analyzing the construction, we present a strong consistency check of the model. Specifically, we consider two well-motivated corrections to the area-entropy relation, the log correction and the volume correction, and follow Verlinde's construction to derive corrections to Newton's law of gravitation. We show that the deviations from Newton's law stemming from the log correction have the same form as the lowest order quantum effects of perturbative quantum gravity, and the deviations stemming from the volume correction have the same form as some modified Newtonian gravity models designed to explain the anomalous galactic rotation curves."

    Barrett Dowdall Fairbairn Gomes Hellmann Pereira
    Asymptotics of 4d spin foam models
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.1886
    10 pages
    "We study the asymptotic properties of four-simplex amplitudes for various four-dimensional spin foam models. We investigate the semi-classical limit of the Ooguri, Euclidean and Lorentzian EPRL models using coherent states for the boundary data. For some classes of geometrical boundary data, the asymptotic formulae are given, in all three cases, by simple functions of the Regge action for the four-simplex geometry."

    Hossenfelder
    Comments on and Comments on Comments on Verlinde's paper "On the Origin of Gravity and the Laws of Newton"
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.1015
    10 pages
    "We offer some, hopefully clarifying, comments on Verlinde's recent claim that gravity is an entropic force. A suitable identification of quantities shows that both formulations of Newtonian gravity, the classical and the thermodynamical one, are actually equivalent. It turns out that some additional assumptions made by Verlinde are unnecessary. However, when it comes to General Relativity there remain some gaps in the argument. We comment on whether this identification can be done also for electrostatics. Finally, some thoughts on the use of this reinterpretation are offered."

    Easson Frampton Smoot
    Entropic Accelerating Universe
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1002.4278
    10 pages, 1 figure
    "To accommodate the observed accelerated expansion of the universe, one popular idea is to invoke a driving term in the Friedmann-Lemaître equation of dark energy which must then comprise 70% of the present cosmological energy density. We propose an alternative interpretation which takes into account the temperature intrinsic to the information holographically stored on the screen which is the surface of the universe. Dark energy is thereby obviated and the acceleration is due to an entropic force naturally arising from the information storage on a surface screen. We consider an additional quantitative approach based upon the entropy and surface terms usually neglected in General Relativity and show that this leads to the entropic accelerating universe."
    and followup:
    Entropic Inflation
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.1528
    14 pages
    "One of the major pillars of modern cosmology is a period of accelerating expansion in the early universe. This accelerating expansion, or inflation, must be sustained for at least 30 e-foldings. One mechanism, used to drive the acceleration, is the addition of a new energy field, called the Inflaton; often this is a scalar field. We propose an alternative mechanism which, like our approach to explain the late-time accelerating universe, uses the entropy and temperature intrinsic to information holographically stored on a screen enclosing the observed space. The acceleration is due in both cases to an emergent entropic force, naturally arising from the information storage on the horizon."

    Conrady Hnybida
    A spin foam model for general Lorentzian 4-geometries
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1002.1959
    27 pages, 1 figure
    "We derive simplicity constraints for the quantization of general Lorentzian 4-geometries. Our method is based on the correspondence between coherent states and classical bivectors and the minimization of associated uncertainties. For spacelike geometries, this scheme agrees with the master constraint method of the model by Engle, Pereira, Rovelli and Livine (EPRL). When it is applied to general Lorentzian geometries, we obtain new constraints that include the EPRL constraints as a special case. They imply a discrete area spectrum for both spacelike and timelike surfaces. We use these constraints to define a spin foam model for general Lorentzian 4-geometries. "
    and followup:
    Spin foams with timelike surfaces
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.5652
    22 pages
    "Spin foams of 4d gravity were recently extended from complexes with purely spacelike surfaces to complexes that also contain timelike surfaces. In this article, we express the associated partition function in terms of vertex amplitudes and integrals over coherent states. The coherent states are characterized by unit 3-vectors which represent normals to surfaces and lie either in the 2--sphere or the 2d hyperboloids. In the case of timelike surfaces, a new type of coherent state is used and the associated completeness relation is derived. It is also shown that the quantum simplicity constraints can be deduced by three different methods: by weak imposition of the constraints, by restriction of coherent state bases and by the master constraint."

    Ashtekar Campiglia Henderson
    Casting Loop Quantum Cosmology in the Spin Foam Paradigm
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1001.5147
    36 pages
    "The goal of spin foam models is to provide a viable path integral formulation of quantum gravity. Because of background independence, their underlying framework has certain novel features that are not shared by path integral formulations of familiar field theories in Minkowski space. As a simple viability test, these features were recently examined through the lens of loop quantum cosmology (LQC). Results of that analysis, reported in a brief communication [1], turned out to provide concrete arguments in support of the spin foam paradigm. We now present detailed proofs of those results. Since the quantum theory of LQC models is well understood, this analysis also serves to shed new light on some long standing issues in the spin foam and group field theory literature. In particular, it suggests an intriguing possibility for addressing the question of why the cosmological constant is positive and small."

    Smolin
    Newtonian gravity in loop quantum gravity
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1001.3668
    16 pages
    "We apply a recent argument of Verlinde to loop quantum gravity, to conclude that Newton's law of gravity emerges in an appropriate limit and setting. This is possible because the relationship between area and entropy is realized in loop quantum gravity when boundaries are imposed on a quantum spacetime."

    Freidel Speziale
    Twisted geometries: A geometric parametrisation of SU(2) phase space
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1001.2748
    28 pages
    "A cornerstone of the loop quantum gravity program is the fact that the phase space of general relativity on a fixed graph can be described by a product of SU(2) cotangent bundles per edge. In this paper we show how to parametrize this phase space in terms of quantities describing the intrinsic and extrinsic geometry of the triangulation dual to the graph. These are defined by the assignment to each triangle of its area, the two unit normals as seen from the two polyhedra sharing it, and an additional angle related to the extrinsic curvature. These quantities do not define a Regge geometry, since they include extrinsic data, but a looser notion of discrete geometry which is twisted in the sense that it is locally well-defined, but the local patches lack a consistent gluing among each other. We give the Poisson brackets among the new variables, and exhibit a symplectomorphism which maps them into the Poisson brackets of loop gravity. The new parametrization has the advantage of a simple description of the gauge-invariant reduced phase space, which is given by a product of phase spaces associated to edges and vertices, and it also provides an abelianisation of the SU(2) connection. The results are relevant for the construction of coherent states, and as a byproduct, contribute to clarify the connection between loop gravity and its subset corresponding to Regge geometries."

    Verlinde
    On the Origin of Gravity and the Laws of Newton
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1001.0785
    29 pages, 6 figures
    "Starting from first principles and general assumptions Newton's law of gravitation is shown to arise naturally and unavoidably in a theory in which space is emergent through a holographic scenario. Gravity is explained as an entropic force caused by changes in the information associated with the positions of material bodies. A relativistic generalization of the presented arguments directly leads to the Einstein equations. When space is emergent even Newton's law of inertia needs to be explained. The equivalence principle leads us to conclude that it is actually this law of inertia whose origin is entropic."
     
    Last edited: Mar 30, 2010
  4. Mar 31, 2010 #3

    Demystifier

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    The poll question reads - which papers will prove most valuable to future research?
    My question reads - what does it mean to be "the most valuable"?

    If valuableness is measured by the number of citations, then there is almost no doubt that it is the Verlinde's paper. That's why I voted for Verlinde. But obviously, some voters here have a different definition of " valuableness".
     
  5. Mar 31, 2010 #4

    marcus

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    I believe the value of fundamental research is something decided collectively by mankind over the long haul. Citation counts are helpful, but they are not a perfect measure.

    How do you value understanding the various aspects of nature and the universe?
    I suppose for each of us this rests on subjective grounds. However, citation counts, if you watch them long enough (for enough years), are one possible indicator. Also the scientific community itself ultimately sorts these things out and rates relative merit in various never-quite-consistent ways. That too finally rests on individual subjective judgements. What it comes down to is no automatic criterion, no monolithic correct "definition" of value. But if you Demy, personally like the citation count definition, that's fine! Let's look at things in those terms, for the moment.

    Demy, you seem confident that Verlinde's paper will be far more cited than, for example, Padmanabhan's. But maybe Padmanabhan's is deeper and more enlightening---couldn't it turn out to be more cited in the long run?
    Verlinde has made a splash, but has he said anything new?
     
    Last edited: Mar 31, 2010
  6. Mar 31, 2010 #5

    atyy

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    In spacetime there is a preferred tensor we call the metric. On the value of papers manifold maybe there isn't - perhaps Hossenfelder's bimetric theory is right :tongue:
     
  7. Mar 31, 2010 #6

    marcus

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    :wink:

    I found your choice intriguing, Atyy. Modesto and Randono have a surprising nontrivial message. Maybe Verlinde was assuming too simple an area-entropy relation. Is S = A/4 exactly? If not, there should be corrections to Newton's law! And Modesto Randono point to two well-motivated corrections to S = A/4.

    One of them, the log A correction, I've seen arising in LQG context. Several papers on this by Corichi and his group, including some numerical work. The socalled volume correction is a term in A3/2. They cite several QG papers for that.

    So it's interesting---I agree with your choice, in effect. (BTW you were the first respondent, I was a close second.) Suppose the law is actually NOT as simple as S = A/4, suppose it contains other terms in A. And suppose these people like Verlinde Jacobson Padmanabhan are right and Newton's law derives from the [correct] area-entropy relation. Then we have a consistency check. The correct Newton law should show modifications due to correction in the area-entropy equation.
     
    Last edited: Mar 31, 2010
  8. Mar 31, 2010 #7

    MTd2

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    This time I only voted for Padmanabhan. It seems this time a contestant hold his paper until the last moments just to get my vote, I mean, to take profit from my hype.

    The entropic relation he found is very closed to Bousso`s holographic bound, so I was very impressed by that! I`d vote for Verlinde if he also updated his paper with the contents of his blog posts, but he didn`t.
     
    Last edited: Mar 31, 2010
  9. Mar 31, 2010 #8

    atyy

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    Some things whose links I wonder about - the log corrections in mentioned by Modesto and Randono and the corrections to the boundary law eg. in http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.2434 by Brian Swingle, who has worked with Wen. Some of Wen's stuff is related to a recent paper by Xu and Horava http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.0009, while other bits of it http://arxiv.org/abs/0809.2821 are related to LQG http://arxiv.org/abs/0907.2994 .
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Apr 24, 2017
  10. Apr 1, 2010 #9

    Demystifier

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    I agree that the Padmanabhan's paper is deeper than the Verlinde's one. Still, I am confident that the Verlinde's paper will be far more cited even in the long run. Simply, that's how the scientific society works. Usually, the most cited papers on a given subject are the first ones, not the best ones. I can give a number of examples of that type, and I'm sure that you can give them too.

    So, which paper is more valuable? One can say that more valuable paper is the one that triggered, influenced and motivated more FURTHER research. Sometimes, it is more important (and more difficult) to identify the problem than to solve it. With such a view, it becomes justified to say that the Verlinde's paper is more valuable. But of course, values are subjective things, so one is allowed to have his own measure of valuedness.
     
  11. Jul 2, 2010 #10

    marcus

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    Getting fifteen candidates for the 2nd quarter poll.


    Chamseddine Connes
    Noncommutative Geometry as a Framework for Unification of all Fundamental Interactions including Gravity. Part I
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1004.0464
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1004.0464

    Rovelli
    A new look at loop quantum gravity
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1004.1780
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1004.1780

    Bianchi Magliaro Perini
    Spinfoams in the holomorphic representation
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1004.4550
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1004.4550

    Lisi Smolin Speziale
    Unification of gravity, gauge fields, and Higgs bosons
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1004.4866
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1004.4866

    Alesci Rovelli
    A regularization of the hamiltonian constraint compatible with the spinfoam dynamics
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1005.0817
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1005.0817

    Denicola Marcolli al-Yasry
    Spin Foams and Noncommutative Geometry
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1005.1057
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1005.1057

    Mercuri Randono
    The Immirzi Parameter as an Instanton Angle
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1005.1291
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1005.1291

    Randono
    Gravity from a fermionic condensate of a gauge theory
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1005.1294
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1005.1294

    Freidel Livine
    U(N) Coherent States for Loop Quantum Gravity
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1005.2090
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1005.2090

    Rovelli Smerlak
    Thermal time and the Tolman-Ehrenfest effect: temperature as the "speed of time"
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1005.2985
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1005.2985

    Bonanno Contillo Percacci
    Inflationary solutions in asymptotically safe f(R) gravity
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.0192
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1006.0192

    Freidel Speziale
    From twistors to twisted geometries
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.0199
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1006.0199

    Borja Diaz-Polo Garay Livine
    Dynamics for a 2-vertex Quantum Gravity Model
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.2451
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1006.2451

    Dittrich Ryan
    Simplicity in simplicial phase space
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.4295
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1006.4295

    Lisi
    An Explicit Embedding of Gravity and the Standard Model in E8
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.4908
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1006.4908

    =========================

    αβγδεζηθικλμνξοπρσςτυφχψω...ΓΔΘΛΞΠΣΦΨΩ...∏∑∫∂√ ...± ÷...←↓→↑↔~≈≠≡≤≥...½...∞...(⇐⇑⇒⇓⇔∴∃ℝℤℕℂ⋅)
     
    Last edited: Jul 2, 2010
  12. Jul 2, 2010 #11
  13. Jul 4, 2010 #12

    I think it`s worth posting why this paper is so important, which is that in it the authors prove that "in ten dimensions, all supersymmetric theories of gravity without known inconsistencies are realized in string theory."
     
  14. Jul 5, 2010 #13
    He's also almost completed the proof in six dimensions, I think. He's also working on the proof in six dimensions, which is an important step to the four dimensional proof, which I think we'll see in the next few years. This is, in my opinion, one of the most interesting results in quantum gravity this year---the fact that no consistent theories of nature in ten dimensions can be constructed that don't come from string theory is pretty remarkable. The fact that marcus fails to list such an important result in his ``most influential quantum gravity papers of XXXX'' should be an indication to all that he is not interested in the state of science as a whole, but rather in pimping his own pet ideas (which is ironic, because he doesn't have any of his own).
     
  15. Jul 5, 2010 #14

    MTd2

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    Interesting:

    "In the physically-interesting case of 4 dimensions, the absence of gravitational anomalies means that the anomaly-cancellation does not impose much of a constraint at all on the possible gauge groups and matter content. It’s not clear at all why the 6D case (even if it were true that all anomaly-free 6D supersymmetric theories could be UV-completed in string theory) would be a good guide to 4D."

    http://golem.ph.utexas.edu/~distler/blog/archives/001989.html

    The rest of the post is rather insightful.

    And for such a field with a huge number of researchers, like string theory, 3 citations in one year, in which none of them were citations by any other than the authors and associates, clearly shows how people are hopeless with their paper:

    http://www.slac.stanford.edu/spires/find/hep?c=ARXIV:0906.0987 [Broken]
     
    Last edited by a moderator: May 4, 2017
  16. Jul 5, 2010 #15

    marcus

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    This thread is about FIRST quarter papers in (non-string) QG. We've been doing this four times a year for I don't remember how long, over three years I guess. We compare research of every kind that is basically 4D---no extra dimensions---and treats gravity essentially as the geometry of 4D spacetime (the way General Relativity does.)

    It's always interesting to look at the citation counts, to see how our picks have been doing by that (imperfect but useful) measure. However, especially after only a few months the citation count can't be taken as indicating the longterm importance or value of a paper. It is understood that always has a subjective component in any case.

    That said, I'll put in the links to make it easy to see who and how many other researchers have cited each of these papers from the first quarter. In part this is simply for my own convenience. I may be the only one who wants to keep track of these papers from earlier in the year.

    Padmanabhan
    Surface Density of Spacetime Degrees of Freedom from Equipartition Law in theories of Gravity
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.5665
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1003.5665

    Bonder Sudarsky
    Searching for spacetime granularity: analyzing a concrete experimental setup
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.5245
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1003.5245

    Afshordi
    Dark Energy, Black Hole Entropy, and the First Precision Measurement in Quantum Gravity
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.4811
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1003.4811

    Mielczarek Cailleteau Grain Barrau
    Inflation in loop quantum cosmology: dynamics and spectrum of gravitational waves
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.4660
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1003.4660

    Bianchi Rovelli Vidotto
    Towards Spinfoam Cosmology
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.3483
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1003.3483

    Durka Kowalski-Glikman
    Hamiltonian analysis of SO(4,1) constrained BF theory
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.2412
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1003.2412

    Modesto Randono
    Entropic corrections to Newton's law
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.1998
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1003.1998

    Barrett Dowdall Fairbairn Gomes Hellmann Pereira
    Asymptotics of 4d spin foam models
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.1886
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1003.1886

    Hossenfelder
    Comments on and Comments on Comments on Verlinde's paper "On the Origin of Gravity and the Laws of Newton"
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.1015
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1003.1015

    Easson Frampton Smoot
    Entropic Accelerating Universe
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1002.4278
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1002.4278
    and followup:
    Entropic Inflation
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.1528
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1003.1528

    Conrady Hnybida
    A spin foam model for general Lorentzian 4-geometries
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1002.1959
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1002.1959
    and followup:
    Spin foams with timelike surfaces
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.5652
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1003.5652

    Ashtekar Campiglia Henderson
    Casting Loop Quantum Cosmology in the Spin Foam Paradigm
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1001.5147
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1001.5147

    Smolin
    Newtonian gravity in loop quantum gravity
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1001.3668
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1001.3668

    Freidel Speziale
    Twisted geometries: A geometric parametrisation of SU(2) phase space
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1001.2748
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1001.2748

    Verlinde
    On the Origin of Gravity and the Laws of Newton
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1001.0785
    http://arxiv.org/cits/1001.0785
     
    Last edited: Jul 5, 2010
  17. Jul 5, 2010 #16

    marcus

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    Dearly Missed

    Keeping in mind that in these polls we only compare non-string papers, and that citation counts do not tell the whole story (especially after only a few months), folks might want to see which papers turned out to be the most highly cited.

    This is as of 5 July, and I haven't bothered to exclude self-citations.
    As of today, the top ten were:

    Verlinde 87
    Smolin 39
    Easson Frampton Smoot(1) 23
    Easson Frampton Smoot(2) 20
    Modesto Randono 17
    Padmanabhan 16
    Freidel Speziale 12
    Hossenfelder 9
    Bianchi Rovelli Vidotto 7
    Ashtekar Campiglia Henderson 6
     
    Last edited: Jul 5, 2010
  18. Jul 5, 2010 #17
    The bias is pretty unacceptable, as ``quantum gravity'' is understood by people who actually work in the field to contain string theory as a subset.
     
  19. Jul 5, 2010 #18

    marcus

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    MTd2, you make an interesting point. Only 3 citations is not a hopeful sign for that paper
    One has to bear in mind, though, that it's a string paper, and the point of these MIP polls is that they are always about NON-string QG so it's kind of off-topic. If someone wants to discuss stringy research papers, they can start a separate thread (and even have a poll if they want :biggrin: ) Plus I should repeat that citation counts don't tell the whole story.

    Anyway, I just checked citations for the first quarter MIP poll papers, and as you might expect there is a good correlation between the ones we at PF picked three months ago in the poll and the ones that turned out to get cited a lot. I will list them with the titles and maybe put the abstracts, to give an idea of the non-string QG research areas that attracted most attention earlier this year.

    Several of the first-quarter papers in the poll (even though only out for a few months) have already garnered 20-or-more cites.
    Notably Erik Verlinde's (with 87) and Lee Smolin's (with 39).

    It's worth remarking that Leonardo Modesto and Andy Randono are both just postdocs (fairly recent PhDs) while Smoot is a Nobel laureate! They were in the same ballpark, with papers exploring the same (entropic force) idea. I will get the titles of the first 5 or so of these papers.

    Verlinde (87 cites)
    On the Origin of Gravity and the Laws of Newton
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1001.0785
    29 pages, 6 figures
    "Starting from first principles and general assumptions Newton's law of gravitation is shown to arise naturally and unavoidably in a theory in which space is emergent through a holographic scenario. Gravity is explained as an entropic force caused by changes in the information associated with the positions of material bodies. A relativistic generalization of the presented arguments directly leads to the Einstein equations. When space is emergent even Newton's law of inertia needs to be explained. The equivalence principle leads us to conclude that it is actually this law of inertia whose origin is entropic."

    Smolin (39 cites)
    Newtonian gravity in loop quantum gravity
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1001.3668
    16 pages
    "We apply a recent argument of Verlinde to loop quantum gravity, to conclude that Newton's law of gravity emerges in an appropriate limit and setting. This is possible because the relationship between area and entropy is realized in loop quantum gravity when boundaries are imposed on a quantum spacetime."

    Easson Frampton Smoot (22 cites)
    Entropic Accelerating Universe
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1002.4278
    10 pages, 1 figure
    "To accommodate the observed accelerated expansion of the universe, one popular idea is to invoke a driving term in the Friedmann-Lemaître equation of dark energy which must then comprise 70% of the present cosmological energy density. We propose an alternative interpretation which takes into account the temperature intrinsic to the information holographically stored on the screen which is the surface of the universe. Dark energy is thereby obviated and the acceleration is due to an entropic force naturally arising from the information storage on a surface screen. We consider an additional quantitative approach based upon the entropy and surface terms usually neglected in General Relativity and show that this leads to the entropic accelerating universe."

    Easson Frampton Smoot (20 cites)
    Entropic Inflation
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.1528
    14 pages
    "One of the major pillars of modern cosmology is a period of accelerating expansion in the early universe. This accelerating expansion, or inflation, must be sustained for at least 30 e-foldings. One mechanism, used to drive the acceleration, is the addition of a new energy field, called the Inflaton; often this is a scalar field. We propose an alternative mechanism which, like our approach to explain the late-time accelerating universe, uses the entropy and temperature intrinsic to information holographically stored on a screen enclosing the observed space. The acceleration is due in both cases to an emergent entropic force, naturally arising from the information storage on the horizon."

    Modesto Randono (17 cites)
    Entropic corrections to Newton's law
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.1998
    7 pages, 2 figures
    "It has been known for some time that there is a deep connection between thermodynamics and gravity, with perhaps the most dramatic implication that the Einstein equations can be viewed as a thermodynamic equation of state. Recently Verlinde has proposed a model for gravity with a simple statistical mechanical interpretation that is applicable in the non-relatvistic regime. After critically analyzing the construction, we present a strong consistency check of the model. Specifically, we consider two well-motivated corrections to the area-entropy relation, the log correction and the volume correction, and follow Verlinde's construction to derive corrections to Newton's law of gravitation. We show that the deviations from Newton's law stemming from the log correction have the same form as the lowest order quantum effects of perturbative quantum gravity, and the deviations stemming from the volume correction have the same form as some modified Newtonian gravity models designed to explain the anomalous galactic rotation curves."

    Padmanabhan (16 cites)
    Surface Density of Spacetime Degrees of Freedom from Equipartition Law in theories of Gravity
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.5665
    20 pages
    (Submitted on 29 Mar 2010)
    "I show that the principle of equipartition, applied to area elements of a surface which are in equilibrium at the local Davies-Unruh temperature, allows one to determine the surface number density of the microscopic spacetime degrees of freedom in any diffeomorphism invariant theory of gravity. The entropy associated with these degrees of freedom matches with the Wald entropy for the theory. This result also allows one to attribute an entropy density to the spacetime in a natural manner. The field equations of the theory can then be obtained by extremising this entropy. Moreover, when the microscopic degrees of freedom are in local thermal equilibrium, the spacetime entropy of a bulk region resides on its boundary."

    This is not to suggest that the more highly cited papers are necessarily better, or that the others are not worth studying. But folks might want to check them out, just in case, to see what they're about. It's a way of benefitting from the collective intelligence of the nonstring research community---see what other professionals are finding useful and want to reference and build on in their own work.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: May 4, 2017
  20. Jul 6, 2010 #19

    My feeling is that MTd2's point is irrelevant since he may have failed to notice that version 1 of this paper was submitted to the archive only four weeks ago. It takes time for papers to acquire citations and some of us can tell when a paper is important before it's received any.

    IMHO, it would be helpful if in the future you specified that by papers in "quantum gravity" you mean nonstringy papers, or papers written by people other than those who happen not to do research on your favourite (whatever your reasons) approach to this field. That way you help avoid any appearance of purely personal bias and thus avoid giving people the wrong impression about research in quantum gravity.

    Just my two cents. :smile:
     
    Last edited: Jul 6, 2010
  21. Jul 6, 2010 #20

    MTd2

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    I referred to last year's paper, not the one submitted last month.
     
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