• Support PF! Buy your school textbooks, materials and every day products Here!

Partial differentiation (maximize

  • Thread starter kasse
  • Start date
  • #1
366
0

Homework Statement



Suppose that Alpha AS and Beta AS manufacture competitive products, with the weekly sales of each product determined by the selling price of that product and the price of its competition. Suppose that Alpha sets a sales price of x dollars per unit for its product, while Beta sets a sales price og y dollars per unit for its product. Market research shows that the weekly profit made by Alpha is then

P(x) = -2x^2 + 12x + xy - y - 10

and that the weekly profit made by Beta is

Q(y) = -3y^2 + 18y +2xy -2x - 15

(both in thousands of dollars). The peculiar notation arises from the fact that x is the only variable under the control of Alpha and y is the only variable under the control of Beta.

Assume that both company managers know calculus and that each knows that the other knows calculus and has some common sense. What price will each manager set to maximize his company's weekly profit?


The Attempt at a Solution



I find the partial derivates dP/dx and dQ/dy, make them equal 0 and find x and y from the two equations y = 4x - 12 and x = 3y - 9.

This gives

x = 0,82 dollars
y = 3,27 dollars


However, the correct answer is supposed to be

x = 4,09 dollars
y = 4,36 dollars

What's my mistake?
 
Last edited:

Answers and Replies

  • #2
402
0
Im not sure how you found those eqns...I did it and got the correct answers..Your method is correct
 
  • #3
402
0
Show me the partials you got for these:

[tex]P(x) = -2x^2 + 12x + xy - y - 10[/tex]

[tex]Q(y) = -3y^2 + 18y +2xy -2x - 15[/tex]
 
  • #4
14
0
Yeah, your equations work fine. Check your algebra.

He shows the partials in the first post, y = 4x-12 and x = 3y-9
 
  • #5
402
0
Ohh...Yeah..you must have just made an error calculating X and Y
 
  • #6
366
0
Ohh...Yeah..you must have just made an error calculating X and Y

You're right. Damn irritating mistake :grumpy:

How about if the managers entered into an agreement by which they plan to maximize their total weekly profit? What should be the selling price of each product?
 
  • #7
402
0
Im kinda confused about your question, Isnt that what you just found?
 
  • #8
366
0
No. It's the part (b) of the task:

"Now suppose that the two managers enter into an agreement (legal or otherwise) by which they plan to maximize their TOTAL weekly profit. Now what should be the selling price of each product? (We suppose that they will divide the resulting profit in an equitable way, but the details of this intriguing problem are not the issue). "

What I tried:

R(x,y) = P(x)+Q(y)
Find the partials, find eq.s for x and y and solve them. This gives y=8,4, but is supposed to be 6,53. I don't think this is the same mistake as I did in part (a).
 
Last edited:
  • #9
366
0
Is this the correct method?
 

Related Threads on Partial differentiation (maximize

  • Last Post
Replies
10
Views
2K
Replies
4
Views
858
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
569
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
895
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
3
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
10
Views
6K
  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
436
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
1K
Top